Undergraduate qualifications

Economic and management sciences interest fields

How do my career interests link with this field?

Read the following statements and select the statements that apply to you. The more statements you select that apply to you, the higher your interest in this area.

Economic and management sciences
(main motivation: business leadership)

  • leading a group of people
  • managing finances
  • marketing
  • numbers and figures
  • overseeing administrative procedures and systems
  • planning and organising the activities of others
  • running my own business
  • running someone else’s business
  • selling products or services

Career fields, possible job titles and work environments

The following is a list of career areas linked to economic and management sciences, together with a description, possible job titles and work environments. Click on the career field to read more about the field, possible job titles and work environments. In addition, we provide you with an indication of which occupations are in high, higher, or highest demand according to the National List of Occupations in High Demand: 2018. These occupations are marked as follows:

High demand

Higher demand

Highest demand

Remember that this information is a start for you to explore options related to specific career fields - you will need to expand your research as you continue with your studies. Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career decision.


Banking, risk and financial management


What is this all about?

Financial management principles help organisations (including those in the banking and financial industry) to manage finances effectively so as to achieve the goals of the organisation. This includes assessing risk, financial planning, credit management, stock control, capital management, tax planning and budgeting.


Possible job titles related to banking, risk and financial management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Banking analyst
  • Bank manager
  • Bank teller
  • Broker
  • Company secretary
  • Credit analyst
  • Credit bureau manager
  • Credit control manager
  • Credit manager
  • Credit officer
  • Finance manager
  • Financial consultant
  • Financial investment advisor
  • Financial markets practitioner
  • Financial planner
  • Forex trader
  • Fund manager
  • Insurance agent
  • Insurance broker
  • Investment advisor
  • Investment analyst
  • Investment manager
  • Loans officer
  • Management consultant
  • Personal banker
  • Personal financial planner
  • Portfolio manager
  • Risk manager
  • Wealth manager


Possible work environments related to banking and financial management

  • Accounting firms
  • Commerce and industry
  • Commercial and general banks
  • Credit bureaux
  • Financial and insurance institutions
  • Investment banks
  • Merchant banks


Find out more about careers in this field


Business informatics


What is this all about?

Business informatics refers to a combination of information systems knowledge with business knowledge. The business informatics degree combines information systems analyses and development skills with business skills to be able to develop and implement business information systems within a business environment.


Possible job titles related to business informatics

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Business analyst
  • Chief information officer (CIO) (with further experience)
  • Database designer and administrator
  • IT project manager
  • IT trainer
  • Knowledge manager
  • Management consultant
  • Network analyst
  • Project manager (ICT)
  • Security analyst
  • Systems analyst


Possible work environments related to business informatics

  • Commerce and industry
  • IT consulting firms
  • Self-employed as consultant or business owner


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the IT @ Unisa brochure to learn more about preparing yourself for career opportunities in this field
  • Career Guide (Media, Information and Communication Technologies SETA)
  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Decision sciences


What is this all about?

Decision sciences apply mathematical, statistical and computer science-related tools to the analysis and solving of business problems and optimisation problems for organisations in different industries, for example, finance, mining, health, and education.


Possible job titles related to decision sciences

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Business analyst
  • Data modeller
  • Data scientist
  • Decision scientist
  • Decision support analyst
  • Financial modeller
  • Lecturer
  • Management analyst
  • Management consultant
  • Market research analyst
  • Operations researcher
  • Quantitative analyst
  • Research analyst
  • Statistical analyst
  • Statistical assistant
  • Statistician


Possible work environments related to decision sciences

  • Financial institutions
  • Government departments (national, provincial, and local)
  • International organisations (e.g. World Bank)
  • Management consulting companies
  • Market research firms
  • Industry (e.g. mining, finance, retail, media, and health)
  • Statistical services organisations (including StatsSA)


Find out more about careers in this field


Economics


What is this all about?

Economics studies the production and allocation of resources and includes a number of focus areas, such as applied economics, managerial economics, econometrics, development economics and natural resource economics.


Possible job titles related to economics

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Behavioural science technician
  • Behavioural scientist
  • Business consultant
  • Client portfolio administrator
  • Commercial broker
  • Commercial manager
  • Commodities trader
  • Credit risk analyst
  • Demand-supply planner
  • Development economist
  • Econometrician
  • Economic advisor
  • Economic analyst
  • Economic consultant
  • Economic forecaster
  • Economist
  • Financial markets practitioner
  • Financial programming analyst
  • Industrial economist
  • Importer or exporter
  • Investment analyst
  • Investment manager
  • Labour market analyst
  • Labour market economist
  • Lecturer (university)
  • Management consultant
  • Macro-economist
  • Market research analyst
  • Micro-economist
  • Mineral economist
  • Portfolio administrator
  • Property analyst
  • Research analyst
  • Research economist
  • Researcher
  • Risk analyst
  • Small business economist
  • Stockbroker
  • Teacher (Economic and Management Sciences) (with further training)
  • Technical investment advisor


Possible work environments related to economics

  • Economic consultants in both the public and private sectors
  • Government departments (eg Department of Finance, Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Mineral Resources, municipalities)
  • International organisations such as UNESCO and the World Bank
  • Manufacturing and consulting firms
  • Research organisations
  • Self-employment
  • South African Reserve Bank and other banking and financial institutions


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the Economics @ Unisa brochure to learn more about preparing yourself for career opportunities in this field.
  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Entrepreneurship

What is this all about?

Entrepreneurship may refer to the process of starting a new business as well as the study of how new businesses are created and supported to succeed. Entrepreneurship qualifications focus on preparing students to become entrepreneurs. In addition to preparing for entrepreneurial opportunities, a qualification in entrepreneurship can be a manager of a business, a corporate entrepreneur (someone running a business unit like it is his/her own business) and a CEO. Well known family businesses such as BMW, LG, SAMSUNG, and TOYOTA, were all founded by entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship can allow a student to become an importer or export of the products that are creatively and innovatively manufactured by him/her. The qualification can also equip a student that wants to pursue franchising and venture corporation. Entrepreneurs are important in the South African economy as they contribute to economic growth by creating employment opportunities for others. The development of the skills, knowledge and attitudes needed to be entrepreneurial assist individuals to not only start their own enterprises but also to support others who are doing so.

Possible job titles related to entrepreneurship

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Business consultant
  • Business developer
  • Entrepreneur/ business owner
  • Small business development practitioner
  • Small business manager 
  • University lecturer  


Possible work environments related to entrepreneurship

  • Financial institutions (e.g. banks)
  • Small to Medium Enterprise (SME) development agencies or organisations
  • Government departments (provincial, national, and local, e.g. Department of Small Business Development and Department of Trade and Industry)
  • Higher Education Institutions (universities, universities of technology)
  • Management consulting companies
  • Self-employment as an owner or consultant


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the Entrepreneurship @ Unisa brochure to learn more about preparing yourself for career opportunities in this field.
  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Human resource management


What is this all about?

Human Resource Management is primarily concerned with the management of people within organisations, focusing on policies, procedures and systems. After completion of the programme in HR the candidates can register with South African Board of People Practice (SABPP) as either Master HR Professional, Chartered HR Professional, HR Professional, HR Associate or HR Technician, based on the level of qualification.


Possible job titles related to human resource management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Business training manager
  • Change manager
  • Compensation and benefits manager
  • Employee benefits manager
  • Employee relations manager
  • Employee wellness consultant
  • Entrepreneur
  • Human resource advisor
  • Human resource consultant
  • Human resource development practitioner
  • Human resource Director General
  • Human resource information manager
  • Human resource practitioner
  • Human resource manager
  • Job development specialist
  • Labour recruitment manager
  • Labour relations practitioner
  • Leadership development specialist
  • Learning and development manager
  • Lecturer (university)
  • Management consultant
  • Municipal manager (HR)
  • Recruitment practitioner
  • Remuneration and benefits manager
  • Skills development facilitator
  • Skills development practitioner
  • Training and development manager
  • Training and development practitioner


Possible work environments related to human resource management

  • Commerce and industry
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • HR consultancies
  • Self-employment
  • Higher education institutions (public and private universities, universities of technology & colleges)


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the Human Resources @ Unisa brochure to learn more about preparing yourself for career opportunities in this field.
  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Industrial and organisational psychology


What is this all about?

Industrial and organisational psychology focuses on the psychology of individual, team and organizational behaviour, career management behaviour, organisational development, people wellness and wellbeing, learning behaviour and assessment within the work context. To register as an industrial psychologist with the Health Professions Council of South Africa, you need to complete your Master’s degree and meet other requirements such as completing an internship and passing a professional board examination.


Possible job titles related to industrial and organisational psychology

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Benefits and compensation practitioner
  • Business development manager
  • Business training manager
  • Change management practitioner
  • Community development practitioner
  • Employee engagement specialist
  • Employee lifecycle and payroll specialist
  • Employee wellness manager
  • Employee wellness practitioner
  • Entrepreneur
  • Executive coach
  • Human resource manager
  • Human resources practitioner
  • Human resources project coordinator
  • Labour relations practitioner
  • Learning and development practitioner
  • Management consultant
  • Market research analyst
  • Occupational analyst
  • Occupational trainer
  • Organisation and methods specialist
  • Organisational development practitioner
  • Recruitment manager
  • Recruitment practitioner
  • Talent acquisition specialist
  • Talent manager
  • Training and development manager
  • Training and development practitioner
  • Transformation officer


Possible work environments related to industrial and organisational psychology

  • Commerce and industry
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • Mining companies
  • Research organisations
  • Self-employed


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the Psychology @ Unisa brochure to learn more about preparing yourself for career opportunities in this field.
  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Management and management support services


What is this all about?

Management sciences focus on the management of organisations, providing learning opportunities for aspiring managers and leaders. Managers coordinate business activities and can either specialise in a field (eg marketing, finance, human resources) or be responsible for the overall management of business functions. Business Management develops competitive skills and competencies of learners to ethically and sustainably manage and lead small business units, departments, regions and entire organisations that operate nationally and globally. General management, strategic management, international business management, portfolio and project management in contemporary organisations are also addressed. Special attention is given to the importance and application of business ethics, corporate entrepreneurship, sustainable economic development, corporate social responsibility, corporate citizenship, and corporate governance.

Management support services provide support to managers to enable effective management.


Possible job titles related to management and management support services

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Administrative assistant
  • Administrative manager
  • Administrative officer
  • Business administrator
  • Business support coordinator
  • Client services administrator
  • Client services advisor
  • Corporate general manager
  • Corporate services manager
  • Customer service manager
  • Director
  • Entrepreneur
  • Importer or exporter
  • Lecturer (university)
  • Management consultant
  • Office administrator
  • Office manager
  • Personal assistant
  • Project manager
  • Researcher
  • Retail buyer
  • Retail manager
  • Sales representative (business services)
  • Small business manager
  • Supervisor


Possible work environments related to management and management support services

  • Manufacturing and consulting companies
  • Private and public enterprises
  • Research organisations
  • Self-employment


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Marketing management


What is this all about?

In Marketing Management we focus on the activities and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging value offerings with consumers, customers, partners, and society at large, and managing the relationship with those stakeholders in a societally responsible manner. Marketing management involves planning new product development, advertising, promotions and sales. In order to manage these tasks, market research is needed. Marketing practitioners are increasingly using online data and social networks to identify consumer needs and serve customers.


Possible job titles related to marketing management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Account manager
  • Advertising account executive
  • Advertising account planner
  • Advertising manager
  • Advertising specialist
  • Auctioneer
  • Brand manager
  • Client services administrator
  • Client services advisor
  • Communication coordinator
  • Customer care manager
  • Customer care practitioner
  • Customer relationship manager
  • Customer service manager
  • Entrepreneur
  • Interactive and direct marketing strategist
  • Market development manager
  • Market research analyst
  • Marketing and communications specialist
  • Marketing coordinator
  • Marketing consultant
  • Marketing executive
  • Marketing manager
  • Marketing practitioner
  • Marketing strategist
  • Online community manager
  • Product manager
  • Promotions manager
  • Public relations manager
  • Public relations practitioner
  • Sales executive
  • Sales manager
  • Sales representative (business services)
  • Trade marketing manager
  • Web content manager


Possible work environments related to marketing management

  • Advertising agencies
  • Consulting organisations
  • Entrepreneurs or self-employed consultants
  • FMCG (fast-moving consumer goods) industry
  • Government departments (local, provincial and national)
  • Manufacturers
  • Specialist communication agencies


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.


Public administration


What is this all about?

Public administration and management is the study of activities, such as the provision of health, protection, education and housing in the public sector. Careers in the public sector focus on the development, implementation and evaluation of public policies, programmes and services at a local, provincial or national level. Opportunities also exist at non-governmental, national and international aid organisations.


Possible job titles related to the public sector

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Accountant
  • Activist/lobbyist
  • Administrative officer
  • Budget and reporting manager
  • Communications practitioner
  • Compliance officer
  • Development economist
  • Financial manager
  • General manager (public services)
  • Government relations manager
  • Human resource practitioner
  • Human settlements practitioner and manager
  • Immigration officer
  • Lecturer (university)
  • Local authority manager
  • Local government officer
  • Monitoring and evaluation practitioner
  • Non-profit administrator
  • Policy advisor
  • Procurement manager
  • Project development specialist
  • Project manager
  • Provincial officer
  • Public administration officer
  • Public affairs researcher
  • Public outreach officer
  • Public policy analyst
  • Public sector consultant
  • Researcher/ research manager
  • Senior government manager
  • Senior government official
  • Social security assessor
  • Supply chain and procurement manager


Possible work environments related to public administration

  • Quasi-autonomous government institutions, such as research institutions, universities, development agencies and state parastatals (eg Transnet, CSIR and Eskom)
  • International affairs (United Nations, Africa Union, Southern African Development Community)
  • Municipal (local government) affairs (eg municipal manager, water and electricity supply, roads, town planning, parks and recreation)
  • National affairs (eg education, health, commerce, law enforcement, defence, finance, transport, environmental affairs)
  • Provincial affairs (eg tourism, nature conservation, education, health)


Find out more about careers in this field


Retail management


What is this all about?

The retail industry sells goods and services to clients, while retail management aims to support this function by understanding how to effectively market these goods and services and how to plan efficient processes.


Possible title titles related to retail management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Area manager
  • Customer service manager
  • Merchandise analyst
  • Merchandise manager
  • Planner
  • Retail buyer
  • Retail manager
  • Sales executive
  • Sales manager
  • Store manager


Possible work environments related to retail management

  • Fast-moving consumer good (FMCG) industry
  • Retailers
  • Self-employed


Find out more about careers in this field


Tourism management


What is this all about?

The tourism industry supports people who travel for business, pleasure and other purposes. Many new niche tourism experiences, such as medical tourism, ecotourism, educational tourism and creative tourism have created new opportunities for individuals in this field.


Possible job titles related to tourism

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Destination manager
  • Exhibition organiser
  • Event planner
  • Functions manager
  • Tourism distribution practitioner
  • Tourist information officer
  • Tourism marketing practitioner
  • Tourism planning practitioner
  • Tourism policy development specialist
  • Tourism transportation coordinator
  • Travel and tourism practitioner
  • Travel consultant


Possible work environments related to tourism management

  • Events management organisations
  • Local, provincial and national tourism departments, NGOs and associations
  • Opportunities exist in different tourism sectors such as airlines, car rental, rail, cruise liners, hotels, restaurants and events companies
  • Tourism information centres


Find out more about careers in this field


Transport economics, logistics and supply chain management


What is this all about?

Transport economics and logistics focus on the allocation and planning of resources to transport goods and people from one point to another. The economics of transportation is, therefore, applied science in which economic and business principles are applied to the transport industry. It deals mainly with balancing the demand for the supply of transport in all the various modes of transportation. Logistics is closely related to transport economics and involves all activities to ensure that the right product is at the right place at the right time and in the right quantity.


Possible job titles related to transport economics, logistics and supply chain management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about these occupations.

  • Customer service manager
  • Demand and supply planner
  • Distribution manager
  • Fleet controller
  • Fleet manager
  • Inbound logistics analyst
  • Logistics buyer
  • Logistics manager
  • Logistics specialist
  • Operations foreman (non-manufacturing)
  • Operations manager (non-manufacturing)
  • Procurement manager
  • Procurement officer
  • Production control manager
  • Production manager
  • Project manager
  • Purchasing manager
  • Researcher
  • Retail buyer
  • Retail manager
  • Road transport manager
  • Supply manager
  • Supply chain practitioner
  • Transport analyst
  • Transport controller
  • Transport manager
  • Transport operations manager
  • Transport route planners
  • Transportation analyst
  • Warehouse manager


Possible work environments related to transport economics, logistics and supply chain management

  • Consulting firms
  • Department of Transport
  • Factories and manufactures
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • Large retailers and retail firms
  • Logistics and distribution companies
  • Self-employment


Find out more about careers in this field

  • Transport Careers Portal (Transport Education Training Authority)
  • Download the Career research document to learn more about different ways you could find information related to your career and study choices.

Further career information