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ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Digital systems I (only available in the 2nd semester) - DSY1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The specific purpose of educational programmes designed to meet this qualification are to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required for further learning towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician.
Digital Systems II (Theory) - DIG2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: DIG1501 & DIGPRA1 Co-requisite: DIGPRA2
Purpose: Integrated circuit technologies; Flip-flops and related devices; counters; shift registers; memories and programmable devices; system interfacing; the microchip PIC16C micro-controller.
Electronic Measurements III (Theory) - EKM3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 Co-requisite: MTR3601 & MTRPRA3 & EKMPRA3
Purpose: Oscilliscopes; signal resources; measuring devices; general measuring techniques and faultfinding.
Electrical Engineering Practice II - EPR201E
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 60
Module presented in English
Purpose: 24 weeks experiential learning under supervision of a qualified supervisor in the following fields: At least five of the following: Cables and overhead lines; power transformers; AC and DC machines; rectification and conversion; protection systems; switches and circuit breakers; installation and commissioning of equipment; testing and fault finding; drawing and design; any other task in agreement with the Institution. Students currently unemployed should contact the department.
Work-directed Learning: Electrical Engineering (Project based) - WDL3601
Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 60
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECD2601, MCD2601, ELB1502, EAL3601
Purpose: Work-directed industry based Electrical Engineering Project refers to an industry based engineering project where the students will try to solve industry based problems. This training provides students with an opportunity to apply their technical knowledge to relevant problem situations in industry, and to gain exposure to typical organizational culture, human relations and working conditions. With suitable guidance and supervision, the students will be taught to work independently and to develop an awareness of the ethics and requirements of industry. Where necessary experimental laboratory work will be conducted in the electrical engineering laboratories on Florida campus.
Electronics IV (Theory) - ECT4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 11
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: ECTPRA4
Purpose: Theory, analysis, design, simulation, prototyping, testing.
Microwave Engineering IV (Theory) - MWE4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: MWEPRA4
Purpose: Electromagnetic wave theory, systems, measurements.
Electrical Computer Aided Design (CAD) 2D (only available in the 2nd semester) - ECD1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The purpose of the qualification is to develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner`s further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment.
Digital Systems III (Theory) - DIG3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: DIG2601 & DIGPRA2 Co-requisite: DIGPRA3
Purpose: Microcomputer systems; memory devices; memory design; MCS- 51 architecture; parallel ports; interrups; timer/counters; the serial port; Introduction to microcomputer programming; MCS-51 instruction set; data transfer instructions; arithmetic instructions; logic instructions; Boolean instructions; branching instructions, stack and subroutines.
Electronic Measurements III (Practical - EKMPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 Co-requisite: MTR3601 & MTRPRA3 & EKM3601
Purpose: Oscilliscopes; signal resources; measuring devices; general measuring techniques and faultfinding.
Industrial Electronics II (Theory) - INE2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT1501 or ECT151R & ECTPRA1 or ECT1PRA Co-requisite: INEPRA2 or INE2PRA
Purpose: Semi-conductor principles: multiple connection of diodes, principles of rectification; thyristor devices; triggering and commuting of thyristors; power transistors; power dissipation and cooling; protection.
Differential Equations (Engineering) - APM3700
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: Students completing this module will be able to solve first-order ordinary differential equations and second order ordinary differential equations using the method of undetermined coefficients, solve any order differential equations using d-operators and Laplace transforms, to find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix and write the Fourier series of a function. This module will assist students to develop their mathematical knowledge and analytical skills to support and advance their studies in the field of engineering.
Electronics IV (Practical) - ECTPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 1
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: ECT4701
Purpose: Theory, analysis, design, simulation, prototyping, testing.
Microwave Engineering IV (Practical) - MWEPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: MWE4701
Purpose: Electromagnetic wave theory, systems, measurements.
Electronics I (Theory) - ECT1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 9
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ECTPRA1
Purpose: SI units; Ohm's law; resistors, network Theorems, capacitors, inductors and transformers; alternating current; atom theory; PN semiconductors; semi-conductor theory; Rectifier theory; Power supplies; PN junction transistor; transistor circuits; Power amplification; operational amplifiers; electric measurements.
Digital Systems II (Practical) - DIGPRA2
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: DIG1501 & DIGPRA1 Co-requisite: DIG2601
Purpose: Integrated circuit technologies; Flip-flops and related devices; counters; shift registers; memories and programmable devices; system interfacing; the microchip PIC16C micro-controller.
Electronics II - ELA2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELA1501
Purpose: The specific purpose of Electronics 2 is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician. This module provides students: 1.With the knowledge on semiconductor materials theory, PN junctions, Diodes, Bipolar junction Transistors, Transistor biasing, Power amplifiers, Field Effect transistors and Thyristors. 2.With the educational base required for registration as a Candidate and/or a Professional Engineering Technician with ECSA (Refer to qualification rules). 3.Entry to programmes such as Advanced Diploma or Bachelor of Engineering technology Honours Degree programmes. 4.Entry to an Advanced Diploma upon successful completion of a work-integrated learning component, or a combination of work-integrated learning and coursework, equivalent to at least 30 credits but not to exceed 120 credits.
Industrial Electronics II (Practical) - INEPRA2
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT1501 & ECTPRA1 Co-requisite: INE2601
Purpose: Semi-conductor principles: multiple connection of diodes, principles of rectification; thyristor devices; triggering and commuting of thyristors; power transistors; power dissipation and cooling; protection.
Numerical Methods (Electrical Engineering) - APM3714
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The purpose of this module is to develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner's further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician/Technologist. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment. Potential articulation possibilities when successfully completed this module.
Electrical Machines - EEM3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The specific purpose of this module is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician. This module provides students: With the knowledge on AC Machines, three phase Transformers and three phase Machines 1.With the educational base required for registration as a Candidate and/or a Professional Engineering Technician with ECSA (Refer to qualification rules). 2.Entry to programmes such as Advanced Diploma. 3.Entry to an Advanced Diploma upon successful completion of a work-integrated learning component, or a combination of work-integrated learning and coursework, equivalent to at least 30 credits but not to exceed 120 credits.
Opto-Electronics IV (Theory) - OPE4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: OPEPRA4
Purpose: Optical fibre waveguides, optical sources, optical detectors, optical fibre systems.
Electronics I (Practical) - ECTPRA1
Diploma Year module NQF level: 5 Credits: 3
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ECT1501
Purpose: SI units; Ohm's law; resistors, network Theorems, capacitors, inductors and transformers; alternating current; atom theory; PN semiconductors; semi-conductor theory; Rectifier theory; Power supplies; PN junction transistor; transistor circuits; Power amplification; operational amplifiers; electric measurements.
Digital Systems III (Practical) - DIGPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: DIG2601& DIGPRA2 Co-requisite: DIG3601
Purpose: Microcomputer systems; memory devices; memory design; MCS- 51 architecture; parallel ports; interrups; timer/counters; the serial port; Introduction to microcomputer programming; MCS-51 instruction set; data transfer instructions; arithmetic instructions; logic instructions; Boolean instructions; branching instructions, stack and subroutines.
Electronics III - ELA2602
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELA2601
Purpose: The purpose of this module is to equip students with the advanced principles of production technology selection and deployment. The module will enhance competence in the identification and use of the traditional and non-traditional production technologies and material handling as well as integrating them principles of process automation.
Industrial Instruments III - INI3601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: MCD2601
Purpose: The specific purpose of Industrial Instruments is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician.
Circuit Analysis IV (Theory) - CAN4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: CANPRA4
Purpose: Laplace transforms, analysis in complex plane, networks and systems in state space, state equations of electrical networks, differential equations, computer solutions.
High Frequency Electronics (only available in the 2nd semester) - EHF3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in high frequency electronics and application of Electrical Engineering technology transfer. The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of Electronics. Students will focus on the following discrete devices areas; Fabrications of HF circuits, H-Parameters and S-parameters models, Bipolar junction transistors (BJT) circuits, Field Effect transistors (FET), Power Transistors, Transmissions Lines analysis, Impedance matching, Strip Line Technology and monolithic amplifiers, This module will enable students to apply their knowledge and skills to the field of High Frequency Electronics and Electronics Design, Power Electronics and High Frequency Electronic Telecommunications. The specific purpose of High Frequency Electronics is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required in fabrication of high frequency electronics circuits and towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician. This module provides students: 1.With the knowledge on semiconductor materials theory, fabrication of high frequency electronics integrated circuits, Bipolar Transistors, Field Effect transistors, power transistors, transmissions lines and monolithic amplifiers.. 2.With the educational base required for registration as a Candidate and/or a Professional Engineering Technician with ECSA (Refer to qualification rules). 3.Entry to programmes such as Advanced Diploma or Bachelor of Engineering technology Honours Degree programmes. 4.Entry to an Advanced Diploma upon successful completion of a work-integrated learning component, or a combination of work-integrated learning and coursework, equivalent to at least 30 credits but not to exceed 120 credits. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module.
Power Electronics IV (Theory) - PCE4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 11
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: PCEPRA4
Purpose: Review of semiconductor devices, converters, applications; DC motors; AC motor control.
Electrical Engineering I (only available in the 2nd semester) - EEA1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The purpose of this module is: To develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner's further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment. To enable students to develop competencies and skills in solving problems for Direct Current electrical, magnetic, inductive and capacitive circuits. The students will be able perform calculations with respect to the different components in a direct current circuit and will also be able to discuss and design basic electrical control circuits. This module is compulsory and core for the National Diploma in Electrical Engineering. Successful completion of this module will allow students' entry to Electrical Engineering II and Electrical Machines II modules. Potential articulation possibilities when successfully completed the module.
Design Project III - DPJ2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: EEM2601, ECD2601, MCD2601, ELB1502
Purpose: The purpose of the qualification is to further develop the necessary knowledge (NQF level 6), understanding and skills required for learner`s further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment.
Electrical Engineering Robotics - ELB1502
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELA1501
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in Electronics and application or technology transfer. The qualification provides students with a sound knowledge base in the sub-field of Electronics. Students will focus on the following concepts: Building blocks of Integrated-circuit Amplifiers, Differential and Multistage Amplifiers, Operational Amplifiers, Operational Amplifiers Circuits, Filters and Tuned Amplifiers, Signal Generators and Waveform-Shaping Circuits, Output Stages and Power Amplifiers, Voltage Regulation. Programmes leading to this qualification tend to have a strong vocational, professional or career focus and holders of this qualification are usually prepared to enter a specific niche in the labour market. This module will enable students to apply knowledge and skills to the field of Electronics and Electronics Design, Power Electronics and Telecommunications.
Micro Controller Design Systems - MCD2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: EEA1501, ELA1501
Purpose: The specific purpose of module is to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required for further learning towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Technician. This module provides: 1. Introduce students to structure and components of micro controllers as encountered in industry. 2. Introduce the student to the basics of assembly program language and C program language. 3. Introduce the student to concepts of the embedded controller system that potentially benefit from engineering skills, for achieving technical proficiency and competency to make a contribution to the economy and national development
Circuit Analysis IV (Practical) - CANPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: CAN4701
Purpose: Laplace transforms, analysis in complex plane, networks and systems in state space, state equations of electrical networks, differential equations, computer solutions.
High Voltage Systems (only available in the 2nd semester) - EHV3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in high voltage systems and application of Electrical Engineering technology. The diploma in Power Engineering qualifies the technician for employment within government departments, government entities, state-departments, municipalities, mining industry, telecom networks, motor vehicle industry, medical industry, and software industry where they could form part of the teams. He/ she should be responsible in the development of new technology or apply it and do maintenance on small and large plants as well as monitor and control of plants. The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of power system. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module.
Power Electronics IV (Practical) - PCEPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 1
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: PCE4701
Purpose: Review of semiconductor devices, converters, applications; DC motors; AC motor control.
Electrical Engineering II (Offered 2021) - EEA2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: EEA1501
Purpose: The purpose of this module is to equip students with the advanced principles of production technology selection and deployment. The module will enhance competence in the identification and use of the traditional and non-traditional production technologies and material handling as well as integrating them principles of process automation.
Design Project III - DPJ391U
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: 10 study units on level 1 or level 2 and 2 study units on level 3.
Purpose: The design, construction, testing and documentation of a complete project compatible with the level in the particular discipline.
Electrical Distribution III (Theory) - ELD3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE2601 or ELE261Z & ELEPRA2 or ELE2PRA Co-requisite: ELDPRA3 or ELD3PRA
Purpose: Power generation; power transmission; power distribution.
Microwave Communication III (Theory) - MCE3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECM2601 & ECMPRA2 Co-requisite: MCEPRA3
Purpose: Electromagnetic fundamentals; transmission line fundamentals; Smith chart analysis; microwave transmission lines; passive microwave components; active microwave devices solid state; microwave antennas; microwave measurements; microwave communications applications.
Clinical Engineering Technology Management IV - CET401J
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English Module presented online
Purpose: Technology Management; Medical Technology Life Cycle; Operational Management; Risk Management and Quality Assurance; Technology Acquisition, Medical Devise Development; Health Facility Development; Clinical Engineering Ethics.
Industrial Project IA - EIP3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The purpose of the qualification is to develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner`s further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment.
Project Management and Engineering Economics (only available in the 2nd semester) - PME3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The subject of economics has much to do with the optimal utilisation of scarce resources Engineering involves the cost-effective utilisation of technological and scientific knowledge and skills to benefit humankind. If solutions to engineering problems are not cost effective, it has little use for society in general. The purpose of this module is to introduce engineering students to the business, management and economics environments and to expose them to the major concepts and techniques of engineering economics. This module will be useful to students as well as technical people such as engineers, technologists, scientists and technicians who want to undertake more advanced studies or research that are of a techno-economic nature.
Electronics I (only available in the 2nd semester) - ELA1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The purpose of this module is to equip students with the advanced principles of production technology selection and deployment. The module will enhance competence in the identification and use of the traditional and non-traditional production technologies and material handling as well as integrating them principles of process automation.
Digital systems II - DSY2602
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: DSY1501
Purpose: The purpose of this module is to enable students to develop competencies and skills in solving problems in Digital Systems. Qualifying students will be able to analyse Latches, Flip-Flops, and Timers, Counters and Shift Registers, Memories, Signal Interfacing and Integrated Circuit Technology and apply digital theory to solve industry problems.
Electrical Distribution III (Practical) - ELDPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE2601or ELE261Z & ELEPRA2 or ELE2PRA Co-requisite: ELD3601or ELD371R
Purpose: Power generation; power transmission; power distribution.
Microwave Communication III (Practical) - MCEPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECM2601 & ECMPRA2 Co-requisite: MCE3601
Purpose: Electromagnetic fundamentals; transmission line fundamentals; Smith chart analysis; microwave transmission lines; passive microwave components; active microwave devices solid state; microwave antennas; microwave measurements; microwave communications applications.
Electrical Engineering I (Practical) - ELEPRA1
Diploma Year module NQF level: 5 Credits: 3
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ELE1501
Purpose: International system of measurement, Introduction to electric systems; simple dc circuits; capacitance and capasitors; electromagnetism; simple magnetic circuits; inductance in a direct current circuit; alternating voltage and current; single phase series circuits; batteries.
Engineering Graphics for Electrical Design Projects - ECD2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECD1501
Purpose: The purpose of the qualification is to develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner`s further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment.
Control Systems IV (Theory) - CSY4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: CSYPRA4
Purpose: State space analysis; PID controller design; compensators; root locus design of compensators; frequency response design of compensators; state space design of control systems.
Industrial Project IB (only available in the 2nd semester) - EIP3702
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: EIP3701
Purpose: The purpose of the qualification is to develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner`s further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment.
Process Instrumentation IV (Theory) - PRI4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 11
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: PRIPRA4
Purpose: Measurement and control of chemical composition; pollution control; control room engineering and economics; automatic process control systems and applications.
Electrical Engineering I (Theory) - ELE1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 9
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ELEPRA1
Purpose: International system of measurement, Introduction to electric systems; simple dc circuits; capacitance and capasitors; electromagnetism; simple magnetic circuits; inductance in a direct current circuit; alternating voltage and current; single phase series circuits; batteries.
Alternative Energy Design Project III - EAL3601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: SCN1501, ECD2601
Purpose: The purpose of the qualification is to develop the necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required for learner`s further learning towards becoming a competent Engineering Technician. It is intended to subsequently empower Engineering Technicians to demonstrate that they are capable of applying their acquired knowledge, understanding, skills, attitudes and values in the engineering working environment.
Electrical Engineering II (Theory) - ELE2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE1501 & ELEPRA1 Co-requisite: ELEPRA2
Purpose: SI units; derivations of proofs on circuit models; electric circuits solution by means of complex quantities; resonance in single phase alternating current series and parallel circuits; power and power factor in single-phase alternating current circuits; power and power factor in ac circuits; circuit theorems alternating and direct current theory; polyphase alternating current circuits; Delta, Star and associated power theory; measurement of power in polyphase systems; waveform synthesis harmonics Fourier's theorem; transformers; alternating current motors.
Metrology III (Theory) - MTR3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 Co-requisite: MTRPRA3 & EKM3601 & EKMPRA3
Purpose: Metrological methods; fundamentals of instruments and measurements; characteristics' static, dynamic and general; measurement evaluation.
Control Systems IV(Practical) - CSYPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: CSY4701
Purpose: State space analysis; PID controller design; compensators; root locus design of compensators; frequency response design of compensators; state space design of control systems
Electrical Machines IV (Theory) - EMM4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 11
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: EMMPRA4
Purpose: Synchronous machines, power; synchronous motors; salient-pole synchronous alternator; design; induction motors, faults and failures.
Process Instrumentation IV (Practical) - PRIPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 1
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: PRI4701
Purpose: Measurement and control of chemical composition; pollution control; control room engineering and economics; automatic process control systems and applications.
Electrical Engineering III (Theory) - ELE3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE2601 & ELEPRA2 & ELE2PRA Co-requisite: ELEPRA3
Purpose: Polyphase circuits; three phase circuits; power measurement in three phase circuits; symmetrical components; interconnected systems; per unit systems; alternating and direct current distributors; illumination.
Power Electronics III (Theory) - PCE3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: INE2601 & INEPRA2 or (ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 ) Co-requisite: PCEPRA3
Purpose: AC-drives; rectifying circuits and converter operation; problems related to rectifiers, converters, inverters, and ac motor drives; direct current drives: UPS, harmonics.
Digital Control Systems IV - DCS401E
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English Module presented online
Purpose: Discrete-time systems and the z-transform, sampling and reconstruction, open-loop discrete-time-system; system time-response characteristics; stability analysis techniques; digital controller design.
Electrical Machines IV (Practical) - EMMPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 1
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: EMM4701
Purpose: Synchronous machines, power; synchronous motors; salient-pole synchronous alternator; design; induction motors, faults and failures.
Power Systems IV (Theory) - PSY4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: PSYPRA4
Purpose: Basic principles in power systems; symmetrical components; power transformers; transmission line parameters; steady state operation of transmission lines, power flow; power system controls; transient stability.
Engineering Mechanics I - EME1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The purpose of the module is to enable the student to understand the basic principles of Mechanics. This module is designed to prepare students for higher level modules.
Electronic Communication II (Theory) - ECM2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ECMPRA2 & ECT2601 & ECTPRA2
Purpose: Passive circuits; transmission lines; noise; receivers; amplitude modulation; single side-band modulation; pulse modulation; digital communications; transmission lines and cables; radio-wave propagation; antennas.
Electrical Engineering II (Practical) - ELEPRA2
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE1501 & ELEPRA1 Co-requisite: ELE2601
Purpose: SI units; derivations of proofs on circuit models; electric circuits solution by means of complex quantities; resonance in single phase alternating current series and parallel circuits; power and power factor in single-phase alternating current circuits; power and power factor in ac circuits; circuit theorems alternating and direct current theory; polyphase alternating current circuits; Delta, Star and associated power theory; measurement of power in polyphase systems; waveform synthesis harmonics Fourier's theorem; transformers; alternating current motors.
Power Electronics III (Practical) - PCEPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: (INE2601 & INEPRA2) or (ECT2601 & ECTPRA2) Co-requisite: PCE3601
Purpose: AC-drives; rectifying circuits and converter operation; problems related to rectifiers, converters, inverters, and ac motor drives; direct current drives: UPS, harmonics.
Digital Signal Processing IV - DSP4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: DSPPRA4
Purpose: Overview of signals and systems; transforms; discrete and continuous time signals; digital filter design; state variables.
Optoelectronics - EOE3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in Optoelectronics electronics devices and application of Electrical Engineering technology transfer.The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of Optoelectronics devices. Students will focus on the following discrete devices; Optical sources, such as Photo Sensors, photoconductors, Phototransistors, PhotoFET, PhotoSCR, Photoemissive Sensors, Thermal sensors, Displays, LCD and Optocouplers. This module will enable students to apply their knowledge and skills to the field of Optoelectronics and Electronics Design, Power Electronics and Optical Electronics Telecommunications. The specific purpose of Optoelectronics 1 is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required in Optoelectronics and towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician. This module provides students: 1.With the knowledge on semiconductor materials theory, PN junctions, Diodes, Bipolar junction Transistors, Transistor biasing, Power amplifiers, Field Effect transistors and Thyristors. 2.With the educational base required for registration as a Candidate and/or a Professional Engineering Technician with ECSA (Refer to qualification rules). 3.Entry to programmes such as Advanced Diploma or Bachelor of Engineering technology Honours Degree programmes. 4.Entry to an Advanced Diploma upon successful completion of a work-integrated learning component, or a combination of work-integrated learning and coursework, equivalent to at least 30 credits but not to exceed 120 credits. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module.
Power Systems IV (Practical) - PSYPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: PSY4701
Purpose: Basic principles in power systems; symmetrical components; power transformers; transmission line parameters; steady state operation of transmission lines, power flow; power system controls; transient stability.
Electrical Engineering Practice I - EPR101E
Diploma Year module NQF level: 5 Credits: 60
Module presented in English
Purpose: 24 weeks experiential learning under supervision of a qualified supervisor in industry in the following fields: Orientation; safety and first aid; basic hand skills; measuring instruments; electrical and electronic components; circuit diagrams; power sources; programmable devices; general administration; report writing. Students currently unemployed should contact the department.
Electronic Communication II (Practical) - ECMPRA2
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ECM2601 & ECT2601 & ECTPRA2
Purpose: Passive circuits; transmission lines; noise; receivers; amplitude modulation; single side-band modulation; pulse modulation; digital communications; transmission lines and cables; radio-wave propagation; antennas.
Electrical Engineering III (Practical) - ELEPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Purpose: Polyphase circuits; three phase circuits; power measurement in three phase circuits; symmetrical components; interconnected systems; per unit systems; alternating and direct current distributors; illumination.
Process Instrumentation II (Theory) - PRI2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: PRI1501 & PRIPRA1 Co-requisite: PRIPRA2
Purpose: Flow measurement; valves and actuators; pumps; transmission signals; basics of process control; linear variable differential transformer; documentation.
Digital Signal Processing IV (Practical) - DSPPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: DSP4701
Purpose: Overview of signals and systems; transforms; discrete and continuous time signals; digital filter design; state variables.
Power Engineering Systems - EPE3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in power systems and application of Electrical Engineering technology. The advance diploma in Power Engineering qualifies the technician for employment within government departments, government entities, state-departments, municipalities, mining industry, telecom networks, motor vehicle industry, medical industry, and software industry where they could form part of the teams. He/ she should be responsible in the development of new technology or apply it and do maintenance on small and large plants as well as monitor and control of plants. The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of power system. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module.
Radio Engineering IV (Theory) - RAE4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: RAEPRA4
Purpose: Spectral analysis; phase locked loops; noise; antennae; cellular radio; meteor burst communications; spread spectrum techniques.
Process Instrumentation I (Theory) - PRI1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: PRIPRA1
Purpose: Instrumentation fundamentals; radiation detectors; pressure and pressure measurement; level and level measurement; temperature and temperature measurement; strain gauges.
Electronics II (Theory) - ECT2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT1501 & ECTPRA1 Co-requisite: ECTPRA2
Purpose: Semi-conductor theory: rectification; semi-conductor theory; diode rectifier, power supplies, theory, and calculations; power supply filters, theory and derivation of formulae, rectifier and power supply calculations, load-line, theory and calculations; diodes.
Electrical Protection III (Theory) - ELM3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE2601 or ELE281X & ELEPRA2 or ELE2PRA Co-requisite: ELMPRA3 or ELM3PRA
Purpose: Basic principles: fault calculations; fuses; circuit breakers; current and voltage transformers; time-grade over-current protection.
Process Instrumentation III (Theory) - PRI3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: PRI2601 & PRIPRA2 Co-requisite: PRIPRA3
Purpose: Distillation columns; boilers; heat exchangers; refrigeration plants; control systems; control methods; hazardous environments; control instrumentation; compressors.
Alternative Energies (only available in the 2nd semester) - EAE3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This module is primarily scientific knowledge oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles of alternative energy systems and its applications in the field of Electrical Engineering systems . The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of Natural Science with general applications in the engineering domain.
Digital Signal Processing - ESP3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in electronics and application of Electrical Engineering technology transfer. The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of Telecommunications. Students will focus on the following topics: Overview of digital signal processing, Overview of signals and systems, Transforms, Convolution and correlation, Analogue filter design, Digital filtering, State variables, Digital signal processors and applications. This module will enable students to apply their knowledge and skills to the field of Electronics and Electronics Design, Power Electronics and Telecommunications. The specific purpose of Digital Signal Processing is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician. This module provides the following information to students: 1.Knowledge on the following topics: Overview of digital signal processing, Overview of signals and systems, Transforms, Convolution and correlation, Analogue filter design, Digital filtering, State variables, Digital signal processors and applications. 2.Educational base required for registration as a Candidate and/or a Professional Engineering Technician with ECSA (Refer to qualification rules). 3.Entry to programmes such as Advanced Diploma or Bachelor of Engineering technology Honours Degree programmes. 4.Entry to an Advanced Diploma upon successful completion of a work-integrated learning component, or a combination of work-integrated learning and coursework, equivalent to at least 30 credits but not to exceed 120 credits. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module. This module is compulsory and core for the Diploma in Electrical Engineering.
Radio Engineering IV (Practical) - RAEPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: RAE4701
Purpose: Spectral analysis; phase locked loops; noise; antennae; cellular radio; meteor burst communications; spread spectrum techniques.
Process Instrumentation I (Practical) - PRIPRA1
Diploma Year module NQF level: 5 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Purpose: Instrumentation fundamentals; radiation detectors; pressure and pressure measurement; level and level measurement; temperature and temperature measurement; strain gauges.
Electronics III (Theory) - ECT3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 Co-requisite: ECTPRA3
Purpose: BJT as a switch, power supplies, three terminal regulators, negative feedback, passive filters, active filters, dc analysis; ac analysis, transducers.
Electrical Protection III (Practical) - ELMPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE2601or ELE281X & ELEPRA2 or ELE2PRA Co-requisite: ELM3601 or ELM381Z
Purpose: Basic principles: fault calculations; fuses; circuit breakers; current and voltage transformers; time-grade over-current protection.
Electrical Machines II (Theory) - EMM2602
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: EMMPRA2
Purpose: D.C. machines; transformers; induction machines.
Process Instrumentation II (Practical) - PRIPRA2
Diploma NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: PRI1501 & PRIPRA1 Co-requisite: PRI2601
Purpose: Flow measurement; valves and actuators; pumps; transmission signals; basics of process control; linear variable differential transformer; documentation.
Computer Aided Design and Simulations IA - ECD3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in computer aided design and simulations and application of Electrical Engineering technology. The diploma in Power/Telecommunication /Process and Control Engineering qualifies the technician for employment within government departments, government entities, state-departments, municipalities, mining industry, telecom networks, motor vehicle industry, medical industry, and software industry where they could form part of the teams. He/ she should be responsible in the development of new technology or apply it and do maintenance on small and large plants as well as monitor and control of plants. The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of Power/Telecommunication /Process and Control system. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module.
Electricity and Magnetism (only available in the 2nd semester) - ETM3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The specific purpose of this module would be to introduce the student to knowledge and understanding of each skill and manufacturing concept, understand the specific dynamics as involved with each concept, to understand the interaction of various concepts in typical systems; and then the artificial utilisation of a scientific concepts in order to design and generate a product or system that can be useful for the human mankind.
Satellite Communications IV (Theory) - SCM4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 11
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: SCMPRA4 or SCM4PRA
Purpose: History of satellite communications, orbital aspects of satellite communications, spacecraft, satellite link design, modulation and multiplexing techniques for satellite links, multiple access; propagation of satellite-earth links, earth station technology; space environment; space law.
Bio-Systems I - BSY1015
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: Engineering approach to the human body with reference to the medical terminology: the health environment. Medical base terminology. Organ systems: cell structures, movement systems, digestive system, ventilation, control and regulation, Special organs: (endocrine system) thyroid gland.
Engineering Science (only available in the 2nd semester) - SCN1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: The specific purpose of this module would be to introduce the student to knowledge and understanding of each scientific concept, the specific dynamics as involved with each concept, to understand the interaction of various scientific concepts in typical systems; and then the artificial utilisation of a scientific concepts in order to generate a product or system that can be useful for the human mankind.
Electronics II (Practical) - ECTPRA2
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT1501 & ECTPRA1 Co-requisite: ECT2601
Purpose: Semi-conductor theory: rectification; semi-conductor theory; diode rectifier, power supplies, theory, and calculations; power supply filters, theory and derivation of formulae, rectifier and power supply calculations, load-line, theory and calculations; diodes.
Electrical Machines III (Theory) - EMM3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Purpose: Insulators; Three-phase transformers; temperature-rise; Threephase induction motors; faults & failures.
PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION III (PRACTICAL) - PRIPRA3
Diploma NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: PRI2601 & PRIPRA2 Co-requisite: PRI3601
Purpose: Distillation columns; boilers; heat exchangers; refrigeration plants; control systems; control methods; hazardous environments; control instrumentation; compressors.
Electronic Communication Technology (only available in the 2nd semester) - ECM3701
Advanced Diploma Semester module NQF level: 7 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Purpose: This qualification is primarily vocational, or industry oriented, characterised by the knowledge emphasis, general principles in electronics and application of Electrical Engineering technology transfer. The module provides students with a sound knowledge in a sub-field of Telecommunications. Students will focus on the following topics: Fundamentals of communications system, Amplitude modulation and single-sideband modulation, Amplitude modulation circuits, Frequency modulation and circuits, Analyse radio transmitters, Communications receivers, Antennas, Transmission lines, and Radio wave propagation, Data transmission, The Telephone and its Applications. This module will enable students to apply their knowledge and skills to the field of Electronics and Electronics Design, Power Electronics and Telecommunications. The specific purpose of Electronic Communication Technology is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician. This module provides students: 1.With the knowledge on Data communication systems and networking basics, Telephone networks and modems, Local area networks and Intranets, Wireless networks, Internet protocol, Transport protocols, Network security. 2.With the educational base required for registration as a Candidate and/or a Professional Engineering Technician with ECSA (Refer to qualification rules). 3.Entry to programmes such as Advanced Diploma or Bachelor of Engineering technology Honours Degree programmes. 4.Entry to an Advanced Diploma upon successful completion of a work-integrated learning component, or a combination of work-integrated learning and coursework, equivalent to at least 30 credits but not to exceed 120 credits. Engineering students completing this qualification will demonstrate competence in all the Exit Level Outcomes contained in this module. This module is compulsory and core for the Diploma in Electrical Engineering.
High Voltage Engineering IV (Theory) - HVE4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 11
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: HVEPRA4
Purpose: Electrical breakdown of solids, liquids and gases, high voltage and current generation, measurements and testing.
Digital Systems I (Theory) - DIG1501
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 5 Credits: 9
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: DIGPRA1
Purpose: The decimal number systems; binary number systems; representation of signed numbers; binary arithmetic using complements; octal number systems; hexadecimal number system; digital codes.
Control Systems III (Theory) - CSY3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 9
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 & ELE2601 & ELEPRA2 & MAT3700 Co-requisite: CSYPRA3
Purpose: Mathematical modelling of physical systems, stability of linear feedback systems, time domain analysis of control systems, root locus method, frequency domain analysis, design of control systems.
Electronics III (Practical) - ECTPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 Co-requisite: ECT3601
Purpose: BJT as a switch, power supplies, three terminal regulators, negative feedback, passive filters, active filters, dc analysis; ac analysis, transducers.
Electrical Machines II (Practical) - EMMPRA2
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: EMM2602
Purpose: D.C. machines; transformers; induction machines.
Radio Engineering III (Theory) - RAE3601
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 11
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECM2601 & ECMPRA2 Co-requisite: RAEPRA3
Purpose: Tuned small-signal amplifiers, mixers and active filters, oscillators; receivers; amplitude modulation; single side-band modulation; angle modulation; digital communications; transmission lines and cables; radio wave propagation; antennae.
Electronic Communication IV (Theory) - ECM4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 9
Module presented in English Module presented online
Co-requisite: ECMPRA4
Purpose: Spectral analysis, random variables and process, digital modulation techniques, noise in communication systems, data transmission.
High Voltage Engineering IV (Practical) - HVEPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: HVE4701
Purpose: Electrical breakdown of solids, liquids and gases, high voltage and current generation, measurements and testing.
Digital Systems I (Practical) - DIGPRA1
Diploma Year module NQF level: 5 Credits: 3
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: DIG1501
Purpose: The decimal number systems; binary number systems; representation of signed numbers; binary arithmetic using complements; octal number systems; hexadecimal number system; digital codes.
Control Systems III (Practical) - CSYPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 3
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECT2601 & ECTPRA2 & ELE2601 & ELEPRA2 & MAT3700 Co-requisite: CSY3601
Purpose: Mathematical modelling of physical systems, stability of linear feedback systems, time domain analysis of control systems, root locus method, frequency domain analysis, design of control systems.
Electrical Machines II - EEM2601
Diploma Semester module NQF level: 6 Credits: 12
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: EEA1501, ELA1501
Purpose: The specific purpose of Electrical Machines 2 is designed to build the necessary knowledge, understanding, abilities and skills required towards becoming a competent practicing Professional Engineering Technician.
Electrical Machines III (Practical) - EMMPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ELE2601 & ELEPRA2 & EMM2602 & EMMPRA2 Co-requisite: EMM3601
Purpose: Insulators; Three-phase transformers; temperature-rise; Threephase induction motors; faults & failures.
Radio Engineering III (Practical) - RAEPRA3
Diploma Year module NQF level: 6 Credits: 1
Module presented in English
Pre-requisite: ECM2601 & ECMPRA2 Co-requisite: RAE3601
Purpose: Tuned small-signal amplifiers, mixers and active filters, oscillators; receivers; amplitude modulation; single side-band modulation; angle modulation; digital communications; transmission lines and cables; radio wave propagation; antennae.
Electronic Communication IV (Practical) - ECMPRA4
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 3
Module presented in English
Co-requisite: ECM4701
Purpose: Spectral analysis, random variables and process, digital modulation techniques, noise in communication systems, data transmission.
Industrial Project IV - IPR4701
Baccalareus Technologiae Degree Year module NQF level: 7 Credits: 36
Module presented in English Module presented online
Purpose: An integrated project with an industry-oriented approach which will promote an entrepreneurial attitude in respect of technological innovation and analysis. The project may incorporate teamwork. It need not be original nor unique.