Department of Public, Constitutional and International Law

Prof BO Fagbayibo

College of Law
School of Law
Department: Public, Constitutional and International
Tel: 012 496 3766


  • LLD (Pretoria)
  • LLM (Pretoria)
  • LLB (Unisa)

NRF Rating


Currently teaching

  • International Law (LP4801)
  • International Law on Foreign Investments (MIL5903)
  • Foundations of Human Rights (MHR5902)

Fields of academic interests

  • Public International Law
  • Critical international legal education
  • African Union
  • Comparative regionalism
  • Transnational Policy Development
  • International Relations


  • “Can Africa ever achieve continental sovereignty in the shifting West-to-East strategic landscape? The geopolitics of integration and autonomy” in Kornegay Jnr. F & Mthembu P (eds), Africa and the world: Navigating shifting geopolitics. Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA), Johannesburg (2020) 189-215.
  • “The integrative function of the African Union Commission: Reconsidering the operational context” in Gumede V, Segobye A, Gutto S & Kamga S (eds), Re-awakening and shaping Africa’s future in a globalised world. Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ (2019) 279-299.
  • “Critical pedagogy of international legal education in Africa: An exploration of Fela Anikulapo-Kuti’s music” in Adeola R, Nyarko M, Okeowo A & Viljoen F (eds), The art of human rights: Commingling art, human rights and law in Africa. Springer, Cham (2019) 7-22.
  • Book Review: “Regional Developmentalism through Law: Establishing an African Economic Community” Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa (2019) 52(1): 143-145
  • Book Review: “The Eagle and the Springbok: Essays on Nigeria and South Africa” South African Journal of International Affairs (2018) 25(2): 277-278
  • “From OAU to AU: Rethinking supranational governance in Africa” in Oloruntoba S & Falola T (eds), The Palgrave Handbook of African Politics, Governance and Development. Palgrave Macmillian: New York (2018) 771-782.
  • Book Review: “Regionalism in Africa: Genealogies, Institutions and Trans-state Networks” Politikon (2017) 45(1):140-142
  • “Article 4(h): A supranational perspective” in Viljoen F & Kuwali D (eds), Africa and the responsibility to protect: Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act. Routledge: London (2014) 129-138.
  • “Rethinking Nigeria’s foreign policy approach to continental integration: Policy perspectives” in Muchie M et al (eds), Unite or Perish: 50 Years After the Founding of the OAU, Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA): Pretoria (2014) 103-113.
  • “Towards a continental framework on mobility and migration: Can the African Union learn from the European Union in terms of the roles of regional hegemons?” in Dormoy D, Kuyu C & Mangu A (eds) Regards croisés sur certains aspects des politiques migratoires, Institut Universitaire des Sciences de la Société et de l’Environnement: Espérance (2014) 55-85.

Journal articles

  • The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) and the imperative of democratic legitimacy: An analysis (Frothcoming in the Nigerian Yearbook of International Law)
  • “The legal regime of compliance with regional norms in Africa: Reframing the paradigms of engagement” African Journal of International and Comparative Law 2019 (27/3) 446-465.
  • "Some thoughts on centring pan-African epistemic in the teaching of public international law in African universities" International Community Law Review 21 (2019) 170-189.
  • “Promoting the Rule of Law through the Principle of Subsidiarity in the African Union: A Critical Perspective” Global Journal of Comparative Law 8 (2019) 27-51 (with O’Brien Kaaba)
  • Mauritania: Country report African Disability Rights Yearbook 2018 184-212 (with Kedibone Chembe)
  • Nkrumahism, Agenda 2063, and the role of inter-governmental institutions in fast-tracking continental unity” Journal of Asian and African Studies 2018 (53/4) 629-642.
  • Recent developments in the regulation of investor-state dispute resolution: Any lessons for the Southern African Development Community? African Journal of Legal Studies 2017 (10/2) 180-204. (with Lawrence Ngobeni)
  • ‘A normative appraisal of the African Union’s membership admission rules’ Verfassung und Recht in Ubersee 2017 (50/2) 156-174.
  • ‘I am an African’: A critical examination of the politics of transnational identity within the context of African integration Africa Development 2016 (41/2) 185-202.
  • “Flexibility arrangements in the African Union: A way out of the integration conundrum?” Africa Review 2016 (8) 156-170.
  • “Policy discourse on the possibility of a pan-African framework on the free movement of persons” Politeia 2015 (34/1) 4-21.
  • “The investor-state dispute resolution forum under the SADC Protocol on Finance and Investment: Challenges and opportunities for effective harmonisation” Law, Democracy and Development 2015 (19) 175-192 (with Lawrence Ngobeni).
  • “The African Union concept of “shared values”: A legal analysis” South Africa Yearbook of International Law 2014 (39) 336-349.
  • “How central is the African Union to the promotion of traditional African values? A critical engagement” Southern Africa Public Law 2014 (29) 313-322.
  • “The (democratic) future is ours to create”: Youth and democratisation in Africa” African Journal of Democracy and Governance 2014 (1) 33-46.
  • “Looking back, thinking forward: Understanding the feasibility of normative supranationalism in the African Union” South African Journal of International Affairs 2013 (20) 411-426.
  • “In search of nuanced methods of assessing African integration” Politeia 2013 (32) 59-73.
  • “Common problems affecting supranational attempts in Africa: An analytical overview” Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal 2013 (16) 32-69.
  • “The (ir)relevance of the office of the Chair of the African Union Commission: Analysing the prospect for change” Journal of African Law 2012 (56) 15-28.
  • “Exploring the legal imperatives of African integration” Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa 2012 (45) 64-76.
  • “Enhancing good governance in Africa: The imperative of a supranational approach” University of Botswana Law Journal 2012 (14) 135-145.
  • “Rethinking the African integration process: A critical politico-legal perspective on building a democratic African Union” South Africa Yearbook of International Law 2011 (36) 209-225.
  • “Towards the harmonisation of laws in Africa: Is OHADA the way to go? Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa 2009 (42) 309-322.
  • “A supranational African Union: Gazing into the crystal ball” De Jure 2008 (3) 493-503.