Department of African Languages

Prof SE Bosch

College of Human Sciences
School of Arts
Department: African Languages
Professor
Tel: 012 429 8232
E-mail: boschse@unisa.ac.za

Qualifications

  • BA (cum laude) (UP, 1976)
  • BA Hons (African Languages) (UP, 1978)
  • MA (African Languages) (UP, 1985)
  • DLitt et Phil (African Languages) (Unisa, 1996) 

NRF Rating

C1

Fields of academic interests

Research interests

  • African languages – Linguistics
  • Language technology
  • e-Lexicography

Field of Specialisation

Natural language processing of Nguni languages, with specialisation in morphological analysis; syntax and lexicography. 

Books

  • Kosch, I.M. &  S.E. Bosch. 2014. African languages as languages of teaching and learning. In Liesel Hibbert and Christa van der Walt (eds) Multilingual Universities in South Africa Reflecting Society in Higher Education. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters: pp. 49-67.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 2012. Bootstrapping the development of morphological analysers for “dispersed” Nguni languages – a linguistic investigation. Ndinga-Koumba-Binza, H Steve, Sonja Bosch (eds.): Language Science and Language Technology in Africa: A Festschrift for JC Roux, pp. 123-144. Stellenbosch: SUN Press.

http://tinyurl.com/zy2wgs4

  • Ndinga-Koumba-Binza, H.S. & S.E. Bosch. (Eds). 2012. Language science and language technology in Africa: A Festschrift for Justus C. Roux. Stellenbosch: SUN Press.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 2010.Rule-Based Morphological Analysis: Shared Challenges, Shared Solutions.  Karsten Legere, Christina Thornell (eds.): Bantu Languages - Analyses, Description and Theory. East African Languages and Dialects, Volume 20, pp. 1-15.Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
  • Bosch, Sonja, & Fellbaum, Christiane. 2009. A Comparative View of Noun Compounds in English and Zulu. Dana Hlaváčková, Aleš Horák, Klára Osolsobě, Pavel Rychlý (eds.): After Half a Century of Slavonic Natural Language Processing, pp. 35–44. Brno: Masaryk University.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1999. The reflexive prefix in Zulu - a typological perspective, in Finlayson, Rosalie (ed.) African Mosaic (Festschrift for JA Louw), pp. 344-354. Pretoria: UNISA Press.
  • Taljaard, P.C. and S.E. Bosch 1998.  Handbook of isiZulu.  Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.
  • Poulos, George and Sonja E. Bosch. 1997. Zulu. In: Languages of the World/Materials50. München, New Castle: Lincom Europa.
  • Taljaard, P.C., J.N. Khumalo and S.E. Bosch. 1991.  Handbook of siSwati.  Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.  

Journal articles

  • Taljard, Elsabe, Faass, Gertrud & Bosch, Sonja. 2015. Implementation of a Part-of-Speech Ontology: Morphemic Units of Bantu languages.  Nordic Journal of African Studies 24(2):146–168.  ISSN 1459-9465. http://www.njas.helsinki.fi
  • Faass, Gertrud, Bosch, Sonja & Gouws, Rufus. 2014. A General Lexicographic Model for a Typological Variety of Dictionaries in African Languages. Lexikos 24:94-115. http://lexikos.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/1254
  • Faass, Gertrud, Bosch, Sonja, Taljard, Elsabe. 2012. Towards a Part-of-Speech Ontology: Encoding Morphemic Units of Two South African Bantu languages Nordic Journal of African Studies 21(3):118–140. http://www.njas.helsinki.fi
  • Bosch, Sonja E & Laurette Pretorius. 2011. Towards Zulu corpus clean-up, lexicon development and corpus annotation by means of computational morphological analysis. South African Journal of African Languages 31(1):138-158. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/5539/bosch_sajal_v31_n1_a11.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  • Pretorius L and SE Bosch. 2010. Finite State Morphology of the Nguni Language Cluster: Modelling and Implementation Issues. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 6062/2010, p. 123-130. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, ISSN 0302-9743 (Print) 1611-3349 (Online).
  • Van Huyssteen, Linda & Bosch, Sonja. 2008. Place Names: Challenges for a Zulu Computational Morphological Analyser. Nomina Africana 22 (1 & 2):105-126.
  • Bosch, Sonja,Pretorius, Laurette, Fleisch, Axel. 2008. Experimental Bootstrapping of Morphological Analysers for Nguni Languages. Nordic Journal of African Studies 17(2):66-88. http://www.njas.helsinki.fi
  • Bosch, Sonja, Fellbaum, Christiane & Pala, Karel. 2008. Derivational Relations in English, Czech and Zulu Wordnets. Literator 29(1):139-162. http://www.literator.org.za/index.php/literator/article/viewFile/104/88
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch. 2008. Containing overgeneration in Zulu computational morphology. South African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies26(2): 209–216.
  • Bosch S, Jones J, Pretorius L & Anderson W. 2007. Computational Morphological Analysers and Machine-Readable Lexicons for South African Bantu Languages. Localisation Focus - The International Journal of Localisation 6(1): 22-28. http://www.localisation.ie/oldwebsite/resources/lfresearch/Vol6_1BoschJonesPretoriusAnderson.pdf
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 2007. African languages – is the writing on the screen? South African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 25(2): 169–181. http://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/6620
  • Bosch, Sonja E, Laurette Pretorius & Jackie Jones. 2007. Towards machine-readable lexicons for South African Bantu languages. Nordic Journal of African Studies 16(2):131-145. http://www.njas.helsinki.fi
  • Bosch, Sonja E & Laurette Pretorius. 2006.  A finite-state approach to linguistic constraints in Zulu morphological analysis. Studia Orientalia 103:205-227. http://ojs.tsv.fi/index.php/StOrE/article/download/52604/16369
  • Taljard, Elsabé & Bosch, Sonja E. 2006. A Comparison of Approaches to Word Class Tagging: Disjunctively vs. Conjunctively Written Bantu Languages.Nordic Journal of African Studies 15(4): 428-442. http://www.njas.helsinki.fi
  • Jones J, Bosch SE, Pretorius L & Prinsloo D. 2005. Development of reusable resources for Human Language Technologies (HLT) applications: practice and experience. South African Journal of African Languages 25(2): 141-159. http://hdl.handle.net/10500/5647
  • Bosch, Sonja E & Roald Eiselen. 2005. The effectiveness of morphological rules for an isiZulu spelling checker. South African Journal of African Languages 25(1): 25-36. http://hdl.handle.net/10500/5540
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch 2003. Towards technologically enabling the indigenous languages of South Africa: the central role of computational morphology. Interactions of the Association for Computing Machinery 10 (2)(Special Issue: HCI in the developing world): pp.56-63.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch 2003. Computational aids for Zulu natural language processing. Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 21(4) pp. 265-282.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch 2003. Finite-State Computational Morphology: An Analyzer Prototype for Zulu. Machine Translation 18: 195-216.
  • Bosch, Sonja E & Laurette Pretorius. 2002. The significance of computational morphological analysis for Zulu lexicography, in South African Journal of African Languages, 2002, 22.1:11-20. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5646
  • Bosch, Sonja E & DJ Prinsloo 2002. 'Abbreviated nouns' in African languages: a morphological, semantic and lexicographic perspective, in South African Journal of African Languages, 2002, 22.1:92-104. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5711
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch 2002. Finite-State Computational Morphology - Treatment of the Zulu Noun. South African Computer Journal, 2002, 28:30-38.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1997. Possible origins of the possessive particle -ka- in Zulu, in South African Journal of African Languages, 1997, 17.1:1-5. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5754
  • Bosch, Sonja E. & George Poulos 1996.  The categorial status of the possessive in Zulu - a new perspective. South African Journal of Linguistics, Supplement 30:1-17.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1993. The value of typology in solving certain Zulu linguistic issues. South African Journal of African Languages, 13,4:103-107. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5707
  •  Prinsloo, D.J. & Sonja Bosch 1993. Indexes: 1966-1992.  South African Journal of African Languages, 13, Supplement 1:1-153.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1988. Aspects of subject conjunction in Zulu. South African Journal of African Languages, 8,3:70-74. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5708
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1986. Subject agreement with denominal copulatives in Zulu. South African Journal of African Languages, 6,2:57-61. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5709
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1981.  The development of verbal agreement in Bantu languages with special reference to object agreement in Zulu. Limi, 9.1 & 9.2:11-17. 

Paper presentations

Conference proceedings:

  • Mzamo, Lulamile, Helberg, Albert and Bosch, Sonja. 2015. Introducing XGL - A lexicalised probabilistic graphical lemmatiser for IsiXhosa. Proceedings of the 2015 Pattern Recognition Association of South Africa and Robotics and Mechatronics International Conference(PRASA-RobMech), pp. 142-147. Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth.
  • Sonja Bosch, Kerstin Eckart, Gertrud Faaβ, Ulrich Heid, Kiyong Lee, Antonio Pareja-Lora, Laurette Pretorius, Laurent Romary,Andreas Witt, Amir Zeldes & Florian Zipser. 2014. From <tiger2/> to ISOTiger - Community Driven Developments for Syntax Annotation in SynAF In: Verena Henrich, Erhard Hinrichs, Daniël de Kok, Petya Osenova, Adam Przepiórkowski (eds). Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories (TLT13), p. 258-264. Tübingen, Germany; Department of Linguistics (SfS), University of Tübingen.
  • Bosch, Sonja & Faass,Gertrud. 2014. Towards an Integrated E-Dictionary Application – The Case of an English to Zulu Dictionary of Possessives. In Andrea Abel, Chiara Vettori & Natascia Ralli (Eds): Proceedings of the XVI EURALEX International Congress:The User in Focus, pp. 739-747.  Bolzano/Bozen, Italy: EURAC Research.
  • Quasthoff, Uwe, Bosch, Sonja & Goldhahn, Dirk. 2014. Morphological Analysis for less-resourced Languages: Maximum Affix Overlap applied to Zulu. Workshop “CCURL 2014 Collaboration and Computing for Under-Resourced Languages in the Linked Open Data Era” 26th May 2014. LREC, 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Reykjavik, Iceland. pp. 52-55.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch. 2014. Towards Extending the ISOcat Data Category Registry with Zulu Morphosyntax. 10th Joint ACL - ISO Workshop on Interoperable Semantic Annotation, Reykjavik, May 26, 2014, LREC, 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Reykjavik, Iceland. pp. 39-43.
  • Griesel, Marissa & Bosch, Sonja. 2014. Taking stock of the African Wordnet project: 5 years of  development. In Heili Orav, Christiane Fellbaum & Piek Vossen (Eds): Proceedings of the seventh Global WordNet Conference 2014 (GWC2014), p. 148-153. Tartu, Estonia.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. & Marissa Griesel. 2013. Language Learning in a Modern African Context: Enhancing the User's Experience within an ODeL and Mobile Framework. International Conference “ICT for Language Learning”, Florence, Italy, 14–15 November 2013. Limena (Italy): Libreriauniversitaria.it.
  • Bosch Sonja, Key-Sun Choi, Éric de la Clergerie, Alex Chengyu Fang, Gertrud Faass, Kiyong Lee, Antonio Pareja-Lora, Laurent Romary, Andreas Witt, Amir Zeldes, Florian Zipser. 2012. Tiger2 as a standardised serialisation for ISO 24615 – SynAF. In Iris Hendrickx, Sandra Kübler & Kiril Simov (Eds): Proceedings of the Eleventh International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories (TLT11), p. 37-60. Lisbon: Edições Colibri.  
  • Prinsloo, Danie J. & Bosch, Sonja E. 2012. Kinship terminology in English–Zulu/Northern Sotho dictionaries - a challenge for the Bantu lexicographer. In Ruth Vatvedt Fjeld & Julie Matilde Torjusen (Eds.): Proceedings of the 15th EURALEX International Congress. 7-11 August 2012, Oslo, p. 296-303. Oslo: Reprosentralen, UiO.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch. 2012. Automated extraction of morphological grammars for Nguni with special reference to Southern Ndebele. Proceedings of AFLaT and SALTMIL Workshop, LREC 2012, Istanbul.
  • Pretorius L & SE Bosch. 2010. Finite State Morphology of the Nguni Language Cluster: Modelling and Implementation Issues. In Finite-State Methods and Natural Language Processing 8th International Workshop, FSMNLP 2009, Pretoria, South Africa, July 21-24, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 6062/2010, p. 123-130. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Pala, Karel, Fellbaum, Christiane &  Bosch, Sonja. 2010. Lexical Resources for Noun Compounds in       Czech, English and Zulu. Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation, Valletta, Malta. European Language Resources Association (ELRA).
  • Van der Merwe, R., Pretorius, L. & Bosch, S.E. 2010. Towards the Implementation of a Refined Data Model for a Zulu Machine-Readable Lexicon. Proceedings of the Second African Language Technology workshop, 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Valletta, Malta, May 18, 2010.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch. 2009. Finite State Morphology of the Nguni Language Cluster: Modelling and Implementation Issues. Finite-State Methods and Natural Language Processing - FSMNLP 2009 Eighth International Workshop, University of Pretoria, South Africa, 21–24 July 2009.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch. 2009. Exploiting Cross-linguistic Similarities in Zulu and Xhosa Computational Morphology. Proceedings of the Workshop on Language Technologies for African Languages , 12th  Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Athens: Technografia Digital Press, pp. 96 - 102.
  • Pala, Karel, Bosch, Sonja & Fellbaum, Christiane. 2008. Building resources for African languages, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (Workshop on Collaboration: Interoperability between People in the Creation of Language Resources for Less-resourced Languages), 27 May 2008, Marrakech, Marocco, pp. 13-17.
  • Bosch, Sonja,Pretorius, Laurette, Podile, Kholisa & Fleisch, Axel. 2008. Experimental Fast-Tracking of Morphological Analysers for Nguni Languages, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Marrakech, Morocco.
  • Bosch, Sonja, Christiane Fellbaum & Karel Pala. 2007. Enhancing WordNet with Morphological  Relations: A Case Study from Czech, English and Zulu, in  Attila Tanács, Dóra Csendes, Veronika Vincze, Christiane Fellbaum, Piek Vossen (eds) Proceedings of The Fourth Global WordNet Conference, Szeged, Hungary, January 22-25, 2008, pp 74-90. Szeged: University of Szeged, Department of Informatics.
  • Le Roux, Jurie, Koliswa Moropa, Sonja Bosch & Christiane Fellbaum. 2007. Introducing the African Languages Wordnet, in  Attila Tanács, Dóra Csendes, Veronika Vincze, Christiane Fellbaum, Piek Vossen (eds) Proceedings of The Fourth Global WordNet Conference, Szeged, Hungary, January 22-25, 2008, pp 269-280. Szeged: University of Szeged, Department of Informatics.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch. 2007. Containing overgeneration in Zulu computational morphology, in Vetulani, Zygmunt (ed.) Human Language Technologies as a Challenge for Computer Science and Linguistics, Proceedings of 3rd Language and Technology Conference, October 5-7, 2007, pp 54 – 58. Poznan: Wydawnictwo Poznańskie Sp. z o.o.
  • Taljard, Elsabé & Bosch, Sonja E. 2006.A comparison of approaches to word class tagging: disjunctively vs conjunctively written Bantu languages”, Proceedings of the Lesser Used Languages and Computer Linguistics Conference, 27-28 October 2005, Bolzano, Italy, pp.117-131.
  • Bosch, Sonja E, Laurette Pretorius & Jackie Jones. 2006. Towards machine-readable lexicons for South African Bantu languages.  Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Genoa, Italy.
  • Roux J & Bosch S. 2006. Language resources and tools in Southern Africa. In Proceedings on the Workshop on Networking the Development of Language Resources for African Languages 5th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, 22 May 2006, Genoa, Italy, pp 11-15.
  • Bosch S, Jones J, Pretorius L & Anderson W. 2006. Resource Development for South African Bantu  Languages: Computational Morphological Analysers and Machine-Readable Lexicons. In Proceedings on the Workshop on Networking the Development of Language Resources for African Languages 5th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, 22 May 2006, Genoa, Italy, pp. 38-43.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 2005. Computational morphology in the context of African languages – an enabling component for multilingual applications, in Walter Daelemans, Theo du Plessis, Cobus Snyman & Lut Teck (eds.) Multilingualism and Electronic Language Management. Proceedings of the 4th International MIDP Colloquium, 22-23 September 2003, Bloemfontein, South Africa, pp. 169-178. Pretoria: Van Schaik.
  • Bosch, Sonja E & Laurette Pretorius. 2004. Software tools for morphological tagging of Zulu corpora and lexicon development. Proceedings of the 4th International Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, Vol. vi, pp. 1251-1254. Lisbon: ARTIPOL.
  • Bosch, Sonja, Laurette Pretorius & Linda van Huyssteen. 2003. Computational Morphological Analysis as an aid for Term Extraction. 6th International TAMA Conference Proceedings, pp. 65-71. Pretoria: (SF)2 Press.
  • Bosch Sonja E & Pretorius Laurette. 2003. Building a computational morphological analyser/generator for Zulu using the Xerox finite-state tools. Proceedings of the Workshop on Finite-State Methods in Natural Language Processing, 10th  Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, April 13-14 2003, Budapest, Hungary. ACL http://www.acl-web.org. pp. 27-34.
  • Pretorius, Laurette & Sonja Bosch 2001. Finite-State Computational Morphology -Treatment of the Zulu Noun, in Renaud, K, P Kotzé & A Barnard (eds) Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the South African Institute of Computer Scientists and Information Technologists, pp. 45-53. Pretoria: Unisa Press.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 2000. On the conceptualization of possession in Zulu, in Wolff, H.E. & O. Gensler (eds) Proceedings from the 2nd World Congress of African Linguistics, Leipzig 1997, pp. 469-482. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe.
  • Bosch, Sonja E. 1998.  Possession in South-Eastern Bantu - a continuum interpretation, in Caron, Bernard (ed.) Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Linguists.  Paper No. 257. Oxford: Pergamon. 

Professional positions, fellowships & awards

  • Chairperson of Human Language Technology Expert Panel (HLTEP) of the Minister of Arts and Culture from 2015-2020.
  • Chairperson of SABS Technical Committee 37 on Terminology and other Language and
  • Content Resources (2014-2016).
  • Board Member of the African Association for Lexicography (AFRILEX) (2013-2017).
  • APEX (Accelerated Professional Excellence) award (2012) – University of South Africa
  • Chancellor’s Prize for  Excellence in Research (2011) – University of South Africa
  • African Languages Wordnet project - finalist in the Technology and Business Category of the PanSALB 2010/11 Multilingualism Awards (Co-ordinator for African Languages Wordnet section: SE Bosch)
  • Award for Research Leadership - UNISA Women in Research (2009)
  • Recipient of 1998 Nasou - Via Afrika Prize for Linguistic Studies in African Languages 

Projects

  • African Wordnet Project. Project funded by Unisa Women in Research grant:  2012-2016 (Project leader: S Bosch)
  • Scientific e-Lexicography for Africa (SeLA). Project funded by DAAD: 2012-2015.

Partnership project: University of Hildesheim (Principal investigator Unisa: S Bosch)
http://www.uni-hildesheim.de/iwist-cl/projects/sela/index.html

  • Expansion of the African Wordnet: 2011-2012 (Project leader: S Bosch)
  • Computational morphological analysis: 2003-2010 (Principal Grantholder: S Bosch)
  • Development of Resources for Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (2008-2009)
  • National Human Languages Technologies Network HLT Audit (in collaboration with Meraka and the Dept. of Science and Technology) (2009)
  • Spelling Checker project (in collaboration with North West University) (2007-2008)
  • African Languages Wordnets: 2006-2007 (Project leader: S Bosch)
  • Spelling Checker project (in collaboration with North West University) (2004-2005)
  • Capacity building in Human Language Technologies (HLT) with a focus on tools for lexicography: 2001- 2003 (Project leader: S Bosch)
  • Computer analysis of Zulu morphology: 2001 -2002  (Principal Grantholder: S Bosch

Other

Other Recognised Research Outputs:

Invited papers:

  • International panel discussion:“Cross-lingual mapping - the case of the African Wordnet” invited contribution to the Cross-Language Mapping Semantics –  Panel Discussion at the 7th Global WordNet Conference 2014 (GWC2014) in Tartu, Estonia, January 25, 2014.
  •  “Language Resources and Technology in South Africa – a selected overview” Invited guest lecture: Doctoral Seminar Series, Natural Language Processing Group at the Institute of Computer, University of Leipzig, Germany. (Author: S Bosch). 9 October 2014 Invited paper.
  • “Implementing a Part-of-Speech Ontology: Encoding Morphemic Units of a Sotho and a Nguni language”, Pre-conference workshop: Lexicographic activities in South Africa: achievements, challenges and the road ahead. 19th Annual International Conference of the African Association for Lexicography, Potchefstroom, South Africa, 30 June 2014. (Authors: Taljard, E., Faass, G. & Bosch, S.E.)
  • “The impact of language technologies on South Africa’s lesser-studied official languages”, Workshop on The impact of Language Technology on Society, organised by the Centre for Saami Language Technology, during the Tromso International Conference on Language Diversity, Tromso, Norway, 8 November 2013. (Authors: K Beesley, S Bosch and L Pretorius). Invited paper.
  • “Scientific e-Lexicography for Africa”, 18th Annual International Conference of the African Association for Lexicography, Pretoria, South Africa, 3 July 2013. Plenary Session Paper. (Authors: H Beyer, S Bosch, G Faass, U Heid, D.J. Prinsloo and  E Taljard).
  • Keynote Address: “African language families and their structural properties”. Keynote Address at Workshop on Language Technologies for African Languages, 12th  Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, March 31, 2009, Athens, Greece.
  • Keynote Address: “Rule-Based Morphological Analysis: Shared Challenges, Shared Solutions”, International Conference on Bantu Languages: Analysis, Description and Theory: Gothenburg, Sweden, October 4, 2007.
  •  “Sprachtechnologie in Südafrika”, Afrikanistentag, München, Germany, 12 February  2006.
  • Inaugural Lecture:“African Languages – is the writing on the screen?” Inaugural Lecture, University of South Africa, 5 September 2006.
  • "Human Language Technologies and the National Lexicography Units", 7th International Conference of the African Association for Lexicography (AFRILEX) 2002, Grahamstown, 10 July 2002 (co-author: JC Roux). Plenary Session Paper.
  • "Selected abbreviated nouns in South-Eastern Bantu: a typological perspective", International Symposium on Typology of African Languages, St Augustin, Germany, 21 - 24 May 2001. (Hosted by the Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität zu Köln, and sponsored by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).