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Directorate Music

section d - rules

Fees ~ Instruments catered for in the Grade examinations ~ Theory of music Grade examinations ~ Order in which Grade examinations may be taken ~ Specialist fields in which Licentiate examinations are conducted ~ Requirements for Grade and Licentiate examinations ~ Exemptions and retainment of credits ~ Licentiate examinations ~ Concert Diploma ~ Evaluation performances ~ Examination periods ~ Duration of examinations ~ Language medium ~ Disqualification of Candidates ~ Absence, aegrotat examinations and supplementary examinations ~ Prescribed music ~ Alternative works ~ Blind and partially-sighted candidates ~ Examination results, issuing of certificates, and reportforms ~ Re-marking, report of marks and examiner's report ~ Marks: minimum requirements for a pass, pass with merit, pass with distinction, roll of honour

Section D: Rules

D.1 Fees

Where fees are payable, these are mentioned in the relevant items in this handbook. Amounts and method of payment are prescribed by the University and full particulars are made known annually to all concerned.

D.2 Instruments Catered for in the Grade Examinations

D.2.1 Keyboard instruments:

  • Piano: Pregrade 1 to Grade 8
  • Piano duet: Pregrade 1 to Grade 7
  • Organ: Grades 4 to 8
  • Harpsichord: Grades 4 to 8

D.2.2 Stringed instruments:

  • Violin : Grades 1 to 8
  • Viola : Grades 1 to 8
  • Violoncello : Grades 1 to 8
  • Double bass : Grades 6 to 8 

D.2.3 Woodwind instruments:

  • Recorder : Pregrade 1 to Grade 8
  • Flute : Grades 1 to 8
  • Piccolo : Grades 4 to 8
  • Oboe : Grades 2 to 8
  • Cor anglais : Grades 6 to 8
  • Clarinet (B flat) : Grades 1 to 8
  • Bassoon : Grades 1 to 8
  • Contra bassoon : Grades 6 to 8 Alto clarinet : Grades 2 to 8
  • Bass clarinet : Grades 2 to 8
  • Saxophone (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass): Grades 2 to 8

D.2.4 Brass instruments

  • Trumpet : Grades 1 to 8
  • Cornet (B flat) : Grades 1 to 8
  • Flügelhorn : Grades 1 to 8
  • Baritone (B flat) : Grades 1 to 8
  • French horn : Grades 1 to 8
  • E flat Alto horn : Grades 1 to 8
  • Tenor trombone : Grades 1 to 8
  • Euphonium : Grades 1 to 8
  • Bass trombone : Grades 1 to 8
  • Tuba : Grades 1 to 8

Other instruments, choirs and singing:

  • Singing : Grades 3 to 8 ( Grades 4-7: high/medium voice/low or medium low voice) (Grade 8 : soprano, mezzo soprano, contralto, tenor, baritone and bass)
  • Choirs : Beginners to Advanced
  • Celtic harp : Grades 1 to 5
  • Classical guitar : Grades 1 to 8
  • Percussion : Grades 3 to 8
  • Concert harp : Grades 1 to 8

D.3 Theory of Music Grade Examinations

  • Theory of music : Pregrade 1, grade 1 to grade 8 and Teacher's Licentiate

D.4 Order in which Grade Examinations may be taken

  • Subject to D.6.1, grade examinations need not be taken in numerical order.

D.5 Specialist Fields in which Licentiate Examinations are conducted

    NB: Holders of the following Licentiate diplomas may use the abbreviations of the respective diplomas after their names with, in the case of D.5.1, the name of the instrument in brackets, for instance UTLM (Violin) (UNISA) or UPLM (Singing) (UNISA).

    Examinations in Specialist Fields "B" and "C" are conducted in public.

D.5.1 Specialist field A: Teacher's Licentiate in Music (UTLM):

    Teacher's Licentiate examinations are conducted in the following instruments:

5.1.1 Keyboard instruments:

  • Piano
  • Organ
  • Harpsichord

5.1.2 Stringed instruments:

  • Violin
  • Viola
  • Violoncello
  • Double bass

5.1.3 Wind instruments:

  • Recorder
  • Flute
  • Oboe
  • Clarinet
  • Bassoon
  • Saxophone

5.1.4 Brass instruments:

  • Trumpet
  • French horn 
  • Tenor trombone
  • Euphonium
  • Bass trombone
  • Tuba

5.1.5 Other instruments and singing:

  • Classical guitar
  • Concert harp
  • Percussion
  • Singing

D.5.2 Specialist field B: Performer's Licentiate in Music (UPLM):

    Performer's Licentiate examinations are conducted in the following instruments:

5.2.1 Keyboard instruments:

  • Piano
  • Organ
  • Harpsichord

5.2.2 Stringed instruments

  • Violin
  • Viola
  • Violoncello
  • Double bass

5.2.3 Woodwind instruments:

  • Recorder
  • Flute
  • Oboe
  • Cor anglais
  • Clarinet (B flat, Alto & Bass)
  • Bassoon
  • Contra bassoon
  • Saxophone (Soprano, Alto, Tenor & Baritone)

5.2.4 Brass instruments:

  • Trumpet Alto horn
  • Cornet
  • Flügelhorn Baritone
  • French horn
  • Tenor trombone
  • Euphonium
  • Bass trombone
  • Tuba (B flat, C & E flat)

5.2.5 Other instruments and singing:

  • Classical guitar
  • Concert harp
  • Percussion
  • Singing

D.5.3 Specialist field C: Accompanist's Licentiate in Music (UALM):

  • Performer's Licentiate in Chamber Music
  • Performer's Licentiate in Vocal Accompaniment

    Only the piano will be allowed as the instrument of accompaniment.

D.5.4 Specialist field D: Licentiate in School Music (ULSM):

    The Licentiate examination for School Music Teachers takes the form of a written and a practical examination, including actual teaching in a school.

D.5.5 Specialist field E: Church Organist's Licentiate (UCOL):

    • The Licentiate examination for Church Organists takes the form of a practical performance on an approved church organ and a demonstration of choirmastership.

    D.5.6 Specialist field F: Licentiate in Bandmastership (ULBM):

      Conductors of military bands may take this Licentiate examination by means of a written and a practical examination during which a real military band is to be conducted.

    D.6.7 Specialist field G: Licentiate in Choirmastership (ULCM):

      Choir masters may take this examination by means of a practical examination which includes the actual coaching of a choir.

    D.6 Requirements for Grade and Licentiate Examinations

    D.6.1 Theory of music examinations

    6.1.1 The following theory of music examinations are required for the practical examinations as indicated:

    • for Practical Grade 4: at least Theory of Music Grade 3
    • for Practical Grade 5: at least Theory of Music Grade 4
    • for Practical Grade 6 and 7: at least Theory of Music Grade 5
    • for Practical Grade 8: Theory of Music Grade 6
    • for all practical Licentiate examinations: Theory of Music Grade 7
    • for Licentiate in Theory of Music: Theory of Music Grade 8

    6.1.2 A candidate who has not yet passed in the required theory of music examination before the practical examination is played, must register for the theory examination in question in the same year as the practical.

    Candidates who pass the Practical Grade 4 during the first examination session (see rule D.12) but pass the required Theory of Music Grade 3 only in the second or any later session, will have their practical certificates withheld. As soon as they have passed the required theory of music examination, their practical certificates will be issued. If a candidate passed the required theory of music examination at the same or an earlier examination session, the certificate will be issued without delay.

    NB: Teachers and parents should not telephone the university or enquire about certificates if they know that the candidate has not yet passed the required theory of music examination.

    D.7 Retention of Credits

    D.7.1 Theory of Music Grade 5 consists of two papers whose marks are totaled. Both papers must be written in one examination period. Candidates who write only one paper will forfeit any marks obtained.

    D.7.2 Theory of Music Grades 6, 7 and 8 consist of two papers each. Candidates must enter for both simultaneously. They will retain credit for individual papers passed.

    D.7.3 The Teacher's Licentiate Examination in Theory of Music consists of three papers. Candidates must enter for all three simultaneously and write them in the same examination period. In order to pass the examination candidates must pass all three papers. Should they pass only two, they will retain credit for those papers passed.

    D.8 Exemptions

    8.1 Exemption agreements exist with the following South African universities: Cape Town, Free State, Port Elizabeth, Potchefstroom, Pretoria, South Africa (Musicology) and Stellenbosch. In terms of the agreement, candidates may apply for exemption from theory of music grades 6 and 7, after having passed corresponding examiniations at these Universities.

    8.2 Candidates who completed their BMus degree prior to 1996, will be exempted from theory of music grade 6.

    8.3 Exemption from the Practical Grade 8 examination will be granted to candidates who passed their main instrument for a BMus degree on a third year level at a South African university provided that the main instrument for the degree is the same intended for the Licentiate examination. 

    8.4 Exemption will only be considered/granted on submission of an original statement of courses passed issued by the Registrar of the university concerned.

    8.5 An exemption fee, equivalent to 50 percent of the entry fee for the specified Unisa theory music examination is required for each exemption granted. Candidates who are exempted by virtue of courses passed at Unisa are not required to pay exemption fees.

    8.6 Partial exemption of courses is not considered.

    D.9 Licentiate Examinations

    D.9.1 Teacher's Licentiate (UTLM) and Licentiate in Class Music (ULSM) and Licentiate in Choirmastership

    8.1.1 For admission to a Teacher's Licentiate (in any instrument, singing or theory of music) or a Licentiate in Class Music or a Licentiate in Choirmastership, the following requirements apply:

    • Candidates must be at least eighteen years old in the year in which they take the examination.
    • Candidates must hold at least a senior or school-leaving certificate (with or without a matriculation exemption, matriculation or university admission endorsement) but with at least five subjects on Higher and/or Standard Grade. Alternatively, you must qualify for an exemption certificate or conditional exemption certificate issued by the Matriculation Board of the South African Universities' Vice-Chancellors' Association (SAUVCA). Candidates already in possession of a Teacher's Licentiate from the University of South Africa will be exempted from the senior or school-leaving requirement.
    • For all other Licentiate examinations there are no age restrictions, nor is a school-leaving certificate a requirement.
    • All candidates for the above-mentioned examinations (Performer's, Teacher's Licentiate, etc) are requested to enclose a list of their complete repertoire with their entry forms for the information of the Director [Professional): Department of Music. In this regard we draw your attention to the proposed length of an examination, as indicated in the syllabuses. (See also D.13.)

    D.9.2 Practical requirements

    For admission to any section of the Licentiate examination, a candidate should have obtained credit for the Unisa Grade 8 examination in the instrument or singing, as indicated below, at least one year prior to the date of the Licentiate examination:

    9.2.1 Teacher's Licentiate: in the same instrument as the one being presented for the Licentiate, or in singing.

    9.2.2 Performer's Licentiate: in the same instrument as the one being presented for the Licentiate, or in singing.

    9.2.3 Performer's Licentiate in Chamber Music and Performer's Licentiate in Vocal Accompaniment: in piano.

    9.2.4 Licentiate in Class Music: in any approved instrument or in singing.

    9.2.5 Church Organists' Licentiate: in organ.

    9.2.6 Licentiate in Bandmastership: in any instrument normally used in a military band and approved by the Registrar.

    9.2.7 Licentiate in Choirmastership: in any approved instrument or in singing.

    D.9.3 Theory examination required

    9.3.1 Candidates entering for any Licentiate examination shall either have passed the Unisa Theory of Music Grade 7 examination during an earlier examination period than the one in which they wish to take the practical Licentiate, or enter for the required theory examination in the same examination period as the practical examination.

    9.3.2 Candidates who pass the practical Licentiate but fail the Theory of Music Grade 7 examination retain provisional credit for the practical examination until such time as the candidate has complied with the theory requirement.

    9.3.3 Candidates who pass only one of the two Theory of Music Grade 7 papers retain credit for the paper passed.

    9.3.4 The certificates of candidates who passed the practical Licentiate examination, but not the required theory of music examination, will be withheld until they have passed the latter examination.

    D.10 Concert Diploma

    D.10.1 Admission requirements

    10.1.1 A candidate must be at least 20 years of age.

    10.1.2 The candidate must be in possession of at least a Performer's Licentiate of Unisa. (Candidates with Performer's Licentiates of other institutions will be considered.)

    10.1.3 The Concert Diploma will only be performed on the instrument in which the candidate has completed the Performer's Licentiate.

    D.10.2 Programme (Repertoire)

    10.2.1 The candidate must submit three balanced programmes of between 60 and 90 minutes in performance time at least six months prior to the proposed examination date. These shall be sent to the Director (Professional), Department of Music for approval.

    10.2.2 Three months before the examination date the examiners will choose one of the programmes.

    10.2.3 The composition of the programme is left to the discretion of the candidate. (Candidates are advised to compile their programmes in such a way that they comply with international.)

    D.10.3 Examination arrangements

    10.3.1 The examination will be in the form of a public concert held in the ZK Matthews Great Hall, Unisa Main Campus or the Conference Hall on the Unisa Sunnyside Campus, Pretoria.

    10.3.2 The arrangements for the concert will be made by the University in collaboration with the candidate.

    10.3.3 The examination (concert) date will also be decided upon alter consultation with the candidate.

    10.3.4 Apart from the prescribed entry fee, the candidate will also be responsible for part of the expenses incurred in the presentation of the concert.

    D.10.4 Adjudication

    10.4.1 No written report will be available after the adjudication.

    10.4.2 The panel of adjudicators will decide whether the candidate's musical profile (personality, performance, musicality, technique, style, etcetera) complies with the international standards required for a professional concert career.

    D.11 Evaluation Performances

    D.11.1 Purpose of evaluation performances

    11.1.1 Evaluation performances are conducted for the benefit of candidates who prefer not to take formal examinations but wh seek an expert assessment of their standard and general musical potential.

    11.1.2 Furthermore, evaluation performances are conducted for the benefit of candidates who suffer from excessive anxiety in, examinations and who cannot do justice to their abilities under the tense conditions of a formal examination: evaluation performances give such candidates the opportunity to experience a sense of achievement and to obtain an objective external report.

    D.11.2 General information on evaluation performances

    11.2.1 Entries for evaluation performances should be marked as such on the entry form (see par B.1.2).

    11.2.2 Evaluation performances are conducted for all instruments and for singing in the same grades as mentioned in rule D.2.

    11.2.3 In contrast to certain practical examination grades, no specific theory examinations are required to qualify for evaluation performances.

    11.2.4 Examiners write a report on each part of the syllabus, but do not award any marks; nor are certificates issued. The examiner's report serves as an official statement that the evaluation performance has taken place.

    11.2.5 These are conducted during the usual examination periods for practical examinations, and at the same centres (see rule D.11.1 and par B.4.1).

    11.2.6  Entry fees for evaluation performances are the same as for practical examinations.

    11.2.7 The length of an evaluation performance is the same as that of the examination in the corresponding practical grade.

    11.2.8 Besides the candidate, members of an ensemble, the leader or conductor of an ensemble, or an accompanist, the only person permitted to be present is the candidate's teacher or the coach of the ensemble (see par C.2.).

    11.2.9 Evaluation performances are also conducted for ensembles, provided a letter accompanies the entry form in which the following particulars are supplied:

  • the size of the group;
  • the different instruments to be included, and the number of each;
  • the title of the compositions to be performed; and
  • the name of the leader/conductor of the group.

    11.2.10 If, at the last moment before the examination, a candidate wishes to switch from a full examination to an evaluation performance but has not prepared the correct number of pieces for the evaluation, he may perform all the examination work for the evaluation, including the practical musicianship, scales and arpeggios.

    D.11.3 Syllabuses for evaluation performances

    There are no separate syllabuses for evaluation performances, and participants are expected to comply with the following requirements:

    11.3.1 Pieces to be performed

      Pregrade 1: At least three but no more than seven pieces, of which at least three have been selected from the prescribed examination list.

      Grades 1 to 4: At least four and no more than seven pieces, of which at least three have been selected from the prescribed lists.

      Grades 5 to 6: At least four and no more than six pieces, of which at least three have been selected from the prescribed lists.

      Grades 7 to 8: At least three and no more than four pieces, of which at least three have been selected from the prescribed lists.

    11.3.2 Selection of instruments for evaluation performances

    No more than one third of the pieces to be performed may be played on a second instrument, for example four pieces on the piano and two on the flute.

    11.3.3 An individual giving an evaluation performance may play no more than two pieces as part of an ensemble, for instance as one of the partners in a piano duet, as accompanist to a soloist, or as a member of a larger group. The examiner must be informed as to whether his report should deal only with the individual's contribution or with the whole ensemble.

    10.3.4 Other tests

  • In addition to the pieces to be performed, candidates must do the practical musicianship test as prescribed for each grade, as well as a sight-reading test on the main instrument.

  • No scales and arpeggios will be required, nor will ensembles be expected to do practical musicianship or sight-reading tests.

  • The examiner must be supplied with copies of all the pieces that do not appear in the University's printed examination books.

    • A Grade 8 evaluation performance does not qualify a candidate to enter for a Licentiate examination.

      D.12 Examination Periods

      D.12.1 Practical examinations

      Practical examinations are conducted during two periods each year:

      First examination period: April to May

      Second examination period: August to November

      The precise dates will be fixed from year to year according to the number of entries, and the persons concerned will be notified about them in good time.

      D.12.2 Theory examinations

      First examination period: The first week in June

      Second examination period: The second week in October

      Theory examinations normally extend over a five-day period.

      D.13 Duration of Examinations

      D.13.1 Practical examinations

      13.1.1 The normal time allowed for practical grade examinations is as follows:

      • Pregrade 1: 20 minutes

        Grade 1: 20 minutes

        Grade 2: 20 minutes

        Grade 3: 25 minutes

        Grade 4: 30 minutes

        Grade 5: 35 minutes

        Grade 6: 40 minutes

        Grade 7: 45 minutes

        Grade 8: 55 minutes

      13.1.2 The time allowed for the various Licentiate examinations are as follows:

        Teacher's Licentiate (Specialist field A): 2 hours

        Performer's Licentiate (Specialist field B): 1½ hours

        Accompanist's Licentiate (Specialist field C): 1¾ hours

        Licentiate in School Music (Specialist field D): Section A: 1 hour, Section B: 2 hours, Section C (theory): 3 hours

        Church organist's Licentiate (Specialist field E): Choirmastership: 1½ hours, Practical questions: 1½ hours

        Licentiate in Bandmastership (Specialist field F): Practical: 2½ hours; Orchestration 6 hours

        Licentiate in Choirmastership (Specialist field G): Part 1: 1½ hours, Part 2: 1 hour, Part 3: 1 hour

      D.13.2 Theory of music examinations

        Pregrade 1: 1 hour

        Grade 1: 1½ hours

        Grade 2: 2 hours

        Grade 3: 3 hours

        Grade 4: 3 hours

        Grade 5: Paper 1: 3 hours, Paper 2: 3 hours

        Grade 6: Paper 1: 3 hours, Paper 2: 3 hours

        Grade 7: Paper 1: 3 hours, Paper 2: 3 hours

        Grade 8: Paper 1: 3 hours, Paper 2: 3 hours

        Teacher's Licentiate: Paper 1: 3 hours, Paper 2: 3 hours, Paper 3: 3 hours

        Licentiate in Bandmastership: Orchestration: 6 hours

        Licentiate in School Music: Section C: 3 hours

        Teacher's Licentiate (Practical): Section C (written method): 3 hours

      D.14 Language Medium

      D.14.1 Practical examinations

      14.1.1 Practical examinations are conducted in English or Afrikaans.

      14.1.2 Candidates must indicate on their entry forms in which of the two languages they prefer to be examined.

      14.1.3 Reports and certificates will be issued in the same language as that in which the examination has been conducted, unless otherwise arranged with the Registrar.

      14.1.4 Once reports have been written and certificates printed in the language indicated, translations will be supplied only in exceptional cases.

      14.1.5 As a rule the University endeavours to appoint bilingual examiners. In certain instances however--for instance in the case of an unusual instrument--the University may be forced to use the services of a specialist who can conduct an examination and write a report in only one of the two languages.

      D.14.2 Theory examinations

      All question papers for theory examinations are drawn up in English and Afrikaans. Candidates may answer the questions in either language, or partly in Afrikaans and partly in English.

      D.15 Disqualification of Candidates

      Candidates for a theory examination may be disqualified if:

      D.15.1 they bring into the examination room, or have in their possession while in the examination room, any books, memoranda, notes or any paper whatsoever except their copy of the printed instructions for candidates, their examination timetable, the answer books or material supplied by the invigilator, and any other material permitted by the regulations; and

      D.15.2 they assist or attempt to assist another candidate, receive assistance or try to receive assistance from another candidate, or in any way communicate or attempt to communicate with any candidate.

      Further action as may be decided by Council could be considered against candidates who have been disqualified terms of rules D.15.1 and D.15.2.

      D.16 Absence, Aegrotat Examinations and Supplementary Examinations

      Aegrotat and supplementary examinations are possible only the case of practical examinations; no provision is made for aegrotat or supplementary examinations in the case of theory examinations. Entry fees will not be transferred to subsequent calender year.

      D.16.1 Aegrotat examinations

      16.1.1 When illness/injury prevents a candidate from participating in an examination on the date set, the invigilator must be informed of the matter before the examination, and an acceptable medical certificate must be submitted to the University. The Registrar will then arrange for the examination to be conducted at some other time during the same examination period, if possible. If such alternative arrangements can be made, the candidate may be required to bear the cost of taking the aegrotat examination in another centre.

      16.1.2 If it is impossible to arrange an aegrotat examination, half the entry fee will be refunded provided that written application made before 30 June (first session) and 30 November {second session).

      D.16.2 Supplementary examinations

      16.2.1 Supplementary examinations are permitted for Grade 8 or Licentiate candidates only, provided they obtain at least 46%, and provided application is made in writing. No other supplementary examinations will be considered.

      16.2.2 Supplementary examinations will be arranged only if this is feasible and at a centre decided upon by the University as soon as possible after the end of the examination period during which the candidate failed.

      16.2.3 The full entry fee must be paid for a supplementary examination.

      16.2.4 Candidates may be required to travel at their own expense to a centre other than the one where they failed the examination.

      D.16.3 Absence due to family matters

      If the serious illness or death of a close relative prevents Grade 8 candidates from taking an examination on a set date, they may submit a written application (accompanied by satisfactory evidence of the circumstances) for a supplementary examination. This will then be arranged on the same conditions as those stated in D.16.1.1, D.16.2.2, D.16.2.3 and D.16.2.4.

      D.16.4 Candidates who missed a theory or practical examination through illness or family circumstances may apply for a refund of half the entry fee provided they submit satisfactory evidence. They must pay the full fee when re-entering for the examination during a subsequent examination period.

      D.17 Prescribed Music

      D.17.1 The prescribed pieces per instruments/singing appear as an appendix in the syllabuses concerned.

      D.17.2 The University publishes albums containing the prescribed pieces only for practical piano examinations from Pregrade 1 to Grade 7.

      D.17.3 As a rule the names of the publishers of all prescribed pieces are provided. This is done simply as a means of identifying the piece and does not mean that the particular edition has to be used; any other edition will be acceptable. The performance of a piece that has not been prescribed could lead to the forfeiting of marks unless written permission has been obtained from the University.

      D.17.4 It is not essential to follow dynamic marks--such as crescendos, phrasing, pedal points, time indications and accents--appearing in a specific edition unless they have obviously been inserted by the composer and not by the editor. This also applies to the University's printed albums. When candidates use a different edition or follow different dynamic marks they should, however, point this out to the examiner.

      D.17.5 Examiners have the right to listen to either an entire work or only part of it. Repetitions need not be played unless requested by the examiner or unless they are indicated as compulsory in the book. Da Capo sections should, however, always be performed, unless the examiner expressly requests the candidate not to do so.

      D.17.6 Pieces prescribed for singing examinations may be transposed by a maximum of one tone up or down.

      D.17.7 Unless arrangements to the contrary have been made, all songs, arias and so on must be sung in the original language.

      D.17.8 In all prescribed pieces for singing examinations up to and including Grade 7, trills may be omitted.

      D.18 Alternative Works

      D.18.1 With the exception of piano examinations (Pregrade 1 to Grade 7), candidates for Pregrade 1-Grade 7 may suggest two alternative works if they are unable to obtain the prescribed works in time. For Grade 8 and Licentiate one alternative work only, will be considered.

      D.18.2 All applications for permission to perform alternative works should accompany the entry forms and reach the Director (Professional): Department of Music, Unisa, PO Box 392, UNISA, 0003, no later than the closing date for entries in Pretoria. Applications received after the closing date will not be considered.

      D.18.3 All such applications should be accompanied by copies of the alternative works to be performed.

      D.18.4 All alternative works must be of a similar length, degree of difficulty, musical standard and period as the works in the prescribed examination lists.

      D.18.5 The University of South African retains the right to refuse permission to present works which do not meet the required standard.

      D.19 Blind and Partially-sighted Candidates

      D.19.1 Entry forms

      19.1.1 It should be indicated on the entry form that the candidate is blind or partially-sighted.

      19.1.2 In theory of music examinations, the following additional time will be allowed to blind and partially-sighted candidates:

        Pregrade 1, Grades 1 and 2: 60 minutes

        Grades 3 and 4: 120 minutes, with provision for a break

        Grade 5: 90 minutes for the first paper and 120 minutes for the second paper

        Grades 6 and 7: 120 minutes each for papers 1 and 2, with provision for a break in each case

        Grade 8: 150 minutes, with provision for two breaks.

        Teacher's Licentiate: Paper 1: 150 minutes, Paper 2: 130 minutes, Paper 3: 150 minutes (Provision is made for two breaks during each paper.)

        Licentiate in Class Music: 120 minutes, with provision for a break.

        Teacher's Licentiate (Practical) Section C, Written Method: 120 minutes.

        In theory of music examinations, blind candidates will be allowed to answer their papers in Braille if they so desire. See rule D.19.3.4.

      D.19.2 Examination tests for blind candidates--practical certificate examination for all grades and Licentiates

      19.2.1 The following tests replace sight-reading tests:

        (1) Candidates are required to study a passage in Braille and to perform it from memory. Parts of the sheet music presented to sighted candidates (or similar music of the same standard) are used.

        (2) Candidates are required to prepare this test, within the set time limit, directly before the practical examination and are allowed to use the instrument concerned.

      19.2.2 Characteristics of tests

      (1) Piano, organ and harpsichord

      The tests for all grades and Licentiates will not exceed four bars. The requirements for the different examinations are as follows:

        Pregrade 1: A passage of two bars, consisting of a single part, to be played with either the left or the right hand as the examiner may choose. Preparation time: 7 minutes

    • Grade 1: A passage of four bars, consisting of a single part, to be played with either the left or the right hand as the examiner may choose. Preparation time: 15 minutes.

      Grade 2: A two-part passage of four bars to be played with both hands together, one part for each hand. Double notes for one hand will not be given. Preparation time: 25 minutes.

      Grade 3: As for Grade 2, but including double notes of equal value, that is, still without two independent parts for one hand. Preparation time: 25 minutes.

      Grade 4 : As for Grade 3.

      Grades 5 to 8 and Licentiate: The tests will be similar to those for sighted candidates and may include passages with more than one part. Preparation time: 30 minutes.

      (2) Other instruments and singing:

      The requirements for the different examinations are as follows:

      Grades 1 to 3 : to play a passage of no more than 4 bars. Preparation time: 15 minutes.

      Grades 4 to 8 and Licentiate: to play a passage of no more than 8 bars. Preparation time: 20 minutes.

      NB: The same passage will be used for the unaccompanied and the accompanied tests, in that order.

      19.2.3 Practical Musicianship (Aural Tests)

      (1) For the following tests the candidates will be provided with music in Braille:

        Pregrade 1: section 2 (identification of a melody)

        Grade 1: section 5 (visualisation)

        Grade 2: section 5 (visualisation)

        Grade 3: section 5 (visualisation)

        Grade 4: section 5 (visualisation)

        Grade 5: section 4 and 5 (sight-singing and visualisation)

        Grade 6: sections 6 and 7 (sight-singing and indicating inaccuracies)

        Grade 7: sections 5 and 6 (sight-singing and indicating inaccuracies)

        Grade 8: sections 5 and 6 (sight-singing and indicating inaccuracies)

        Licentiate: sections 1, 3 and 6 (sight-singing, visualisation and harmonisation)

        (2) Licentiate candidates have the choice of doing section 2 (dictation) either orally or by writing the answers in Braille and then reading them aloud to the examiner. In section 6, candidates will not be expected to harmonise the chorale melody as a whole but will be permitted to harmonise it phrase by phrase.

      19.2.4 Works performed

      Blind candidates must perform four pieces for the practical piano examinations in Grades 1 to 5.

      D.19.3 Examination tests for partially-sighted candidates

      19.3.1 Candidates may choose between a sight-reading test and a memorisation test and should indicate their choice on the entry form. They should also indicate whether they prefer sheet music in ordinary print, Braille or large print.

      (1) Requirements for the sight-reading test: candidates will take the same test as sighted candidates.

      (2) Characteristics of the memorisation test: similar to the test for blind candidates (see rule D.19.2.2).

      19.3.2 Practical Musicianship (Aural Tests)

      (1) For the following tests sheet music in ordinary or large print, as indicated by candidates on their entry forms, will be provided (see the tests mentioned in par D.19.2.3).

      (2) Licentiate candidates have the choice of harmonising the chorale melody in section 6 either as a whole or phrase by phrase.

      19.3.3 Partially-sighted candidates are expected to perform only four pieces for the 6practical piano examinations for Grades 1 to 5.

      19.3.4 In theory of music examinations, partially-sighted candidates will be permitted to answer their papers in Braille if they so desire. Papers will be provided in large print on request. The print will be 45% larger than normal.

      D.20 Examination Results, Issuing of Certificates, and Reports

      D.20.1 Theory examinations

      20.1.1 Results are issued as soon as possible after the examination and mailed to the person who entered the candidates for the examinations.

      20.1.2 Certificates signed by the Registrar are issued to successful candidates approximately two weeks after the conclusion of the examination.

      20.1.3 Answer books are the property of the University and are under no circumstance available to candidates/teachers.

      D.20.2 Practical examinations

      20.2.1 As soon as the results have been received from the examiner, reports containing candidates' marks and the examiner's comments on each item are sent to the person who entered the candidates for the examination.

      20.2.2 With the exception of licentiate candidates, the certificates of successful candidates and who had also complied with the theory of music requirements (if applicable) will be mailed within one month after the conclusion of the examinations at all the centres in the country. The certificates of candidates who have not yet complied with the theory requirements will be withheld until they have fulfilled all the requirements.

      20.2.3 Certificates of successful kicentiate candidates will be formally issued at a graduation ceremony.

          NB: The marks as allocated by the examiner are final, and no correspondence about them will be entered into, Comments, if any, on the way in which the examination has been conducted should reach the Registrar within 30 days of receipt of the results.

      D.21 Re-marking, Report of Marks and Examiner's Report

      D.21.1 Re-marking of scripts

      The script of candidates who failed the theory examination can be remarked on payment of a fee equal to fifty percent of the entry fee for the examination in question. The fee is not refundable.

      D.21.2 Issuing of report of marks

      A report indicating the marks obtained by a candidate for individual questions in the written examination may be issued on payment of the prescribed fee.

      D.21.3 Issuing of examiner's report

      An examiner's report on a candidate's theory examination may be requested at a fee equal to the full entry fee for the examination in question. A breakdown of marks in the paper and comments, where applicable will be given.

      In all cases referred to in D.21.1, D.21.2 and D.21.3, the application, together with the prescribed fee, should reach the University by 20 August (for the first session) and 20 January (for the second session of the previous calendar year). After these two dates the examination scripts are destroyed.

      D.22 Marks--minimum Requirements for a Pass, Pass with Merit, Pass with Distinction, Roll of Honour

    • Practical

      Pregrade 1, Grade 1 to Grade 7: Grade 8 Teacher's Licentiate* Performer's Licentiate

      Roll of honour
















      188 (75%)


      125 (50%)



      150 (75%)


      100 (50%)

      * Consult individual syllabuses for required subminimums for subsections

      Theory of Music

      Pregr 1, Grades 1 & 2 Grades 3, 4 & 5 Grade 6 Grades 7 & 8 Teacher's Licentiate in Theory of Music* Class music
      1 2 1 2 1 2 3 Total













      160 (80%)

      140 (70%)

      100 (50%)

      100 100

      150 (75%)


      100 (50%)

      100 100













      225 (75%)


      150 (50%)





      * Consult individual syllabuses for required subminimums