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Application for admission process: Undergraduate qualifications

Economic and management sciences interest fields

How do my interests link with this field?

Read the following statements and select the statements that apply to you. The more statements you select that apply to you, the higher your interest in this area.

Economic and management sciences
(main motivation: business leadership)

  • leading a group of people
  • managing finances
  • marketing
  • numbers and figures
  • overseeing administrative procedures and systems
  • planning and organising the activities of others
  • running my own business
  • running someone else’s business
  • selling products or services

Career fields, possible job titles and work environments

The following is a list of career areas linked to economic and management sciences, together with a description, possible job titles and work environments. In addition, we provide you with an indication of which occupations are scarce skills (marked with an High demand occupation).

Remember that his information is a start for you to explore options related to specific career fields - you will need to expand your research as you continue with your studies.


Back to topBanking and financial management

What is this all about?

Financial management principles help organisations (including those in the banking and financial industry) to manage finances effectively so as to achieve the goals of the organisation. This includes assessing risk, financial planning, credit management, stock control, capital management, tax planning and budgeting.

Possible job titles related to banking and financial management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Banking analyst
  • Bank manager
  • Bank teller
  • Credit
  • Credit analyst
  • Credit bureau manager
  • Credit control manager
  • Credit officer High demand occupation
  • Finance manager High demand occupation
  • Financial consultant
  • Financial investment advisor High demand occupation
  • Financial manager High demand occupation
  • Financial markets practitioner High demand occupation
  • Financial planner
  • Forex trader
  • Fund manager
  • Insurance broker High demand occupation
  • Investment advisor High demand occupation
  • Investment analyst High demand occupation
  • Investment manager High demand occupation
  • Loans officer High demand occupation
  • Management consultant High demand occupation
  • Personal banker
  • Personal financial planner
  • Portfolio manager
  • Wealth manager

Possible work environments related to banking and financial management

  • Accounting firms
  • Commerce and industry
  • Commercial and general banks
  • Credit bureaux
  • Financial and insurance institutions
  • Investment banks
  • Merchant banks

Back to topBusiness informatics

What is this all about?

Business informatics refer to a combination of information systems knowledge with business knowledge.

Possible job titles related to business informatics

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Business analyst
  • Chief information officer (CIO) High demand occupation
  • Consultant
  • Database designer and administrator High demand occupation
  • IT project manager High demand occupation
  • IT trainer
  • Knowledge manager
  • Network analyst High demand occupation
  • Security analyst High demand occupation
  • Systems analyst High demand occupation

Possible work environments related to business informatics

  • Commerce and industry
  • IT consulting firms
  • Self-employed as consultant or business owner

Back to topDecision sciences

What is this all about?

Decision sciences apply mathematical, statistical and computer science-related tools to the analysis and solving of business problems.

Possible job titles related to decision sciences

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Business analyst
  • Data modeller
  • Data scientist
  • Management analyst
  • Management consultant High demand occupation
  • Research analyst
  • Statistical analyst
  • Statistician High demand occupation

Possible work environments related to decision sciences

  • Financial institutions
  • Government
  • International organisations (eg World Bank)
  • Market research firms
  • Private and public sector
  • Statistical services organisations (including StatsSA)

Back to topEconomics

What is this all about?

Economics studies the production and allocation of resources and includes a number of focus areas, such as applied economics, managerial economics, econometrics, development economics and natural resource economics.

Possible job titles related to economics

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Business consultant
  • Client portfolio administrator
  • Commercial broker
  • Commercial manager
  • Commodities trader
  • Credit risk analyst
  • Demand supply planner
  • Development economist
  • Econometrician
  • Economic advisor
  • Economic analyst
  • Economic consultant
  • Economic forecaster
  • Economist High demand occupation
  • Financial markets practitioner High demand occupation
  • Financial programming analyst
  • Industrial economist
  • Investment analyst High demand occupation
  • Investment manager High demand occupation
  • Lecturer
  • Management consultant High demand occupation
  • Macro-economist
  • Micro-economist
  • Mineral economist
  • Portfolio administrator
  • Property analyst
  • Research analyst
  • Research economist
  • Researcher
  • Risk analyst
  • Small business economist
  • Stockbroker
  • Teacher (Economic and Management Sciences)
  • Technical investment advisor

Possible work environments related to economics

  • Economic consultants in both the public and private sectors
  • Government departments (eg Department of Finance, Department of Trade and Industry, municipalities)
  • International organisations such as UNESCO and the World Bank
  • Manufacturing and consulting firms
  • Research organisations
  • Self-employment
  • South African Reserve Bank and other banking and financial institutions

Back to topHuman resource management

What is this all about?

Human resource management is related to the systems needed to manage people in an organisation. Human resource management specialisations include planning, recruitment and selection, learning and development, employee relations, organisational development, HR administration, HR information systems, reward and remuneration, and productivity.

Possible job titles related to human resource management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Change manager
  • Compensation and benefits manager
  • Employee benefits manager
  • Employee wellness consultant
  • Human resource management practitioner
  • Human resource manager High demand occupation
  • Job development specialist
  • Labour relations practitioner
  • Leadership development specialist
  • Learning and development manager
  • Lecturer
  • Recruitment practitioner
  • Remuneration and benefits manager
  • Skills development practitioner
  • Training and development practitioner

Possible work environments related to human resource management

  • Commerce and industry
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • HR consultancies
  • Self-employment
  • Universities and universities of technology

Back to topIndustrial and organisational psychology

What is this all about?

Industrial psychology focuses on career management, organisational development, learning theories and assessment within the work context. To register as an industrial psychologist with the Health Professions Council of South Africa, you need to complete your master's degree and meet other requirements, such as completing an internship and passing a professional board examination.

Possible job titles related to industrial and organisational psychology

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Benefits and compensation practitioner
  • Careers counsellor High demand occupation
  • Change management practitioner
  • Employee engagement specialist
  • Employee lifecycle and payroll specialist
  • Employee wellness practitioner
  • Executive coach
  • Human resources practitioner
  • Human resources project coordinator
  • Learning and development practitioner
  • Organisational development practitioner
  • Occupational trainer High demand occupation
  • Talent acquisition specialist
  • Talent manager
  • Training and development practitioner
  • Transformation officer

Possible work environments related to industrial and organisational psychology

  • Commerce and industry
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • Mining companies
  • Research organisations
  • Self-employed

Back to topLaw (College of Economic and Management Sciences)

What is this all about?

Knowledge of mercantile law is beneficial in careers in human resources management and economics, since it allows one to understand issues related to companies, taxation, labour relations and insurance. Private law focuses on aspects such as contracts, obligations, property and trusts.

Possible job titles related to law

  • Financial legal assistant
  • Labour relations practitioner
  • Legal administrator
  • Legal manager
  • Legal officer
  • Manager
  • Policy advisor
  • Researcher

Possible work environments related to law

  • Financial institutions
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • Provincial administrations
  • Self-employment, in private practice as a consultant

Back to topManagement and management support services

What is this all about?

Management sciences focuses on the management of business firms, providing learning opportunities for aspiring managers and leaders. Managers coordinate business activities and can either specialise in a field (eg marketing, finance, human resources) or be responsible for the overall management of business functions. Management support services provide support to managers to enable effective management.

Possible job titles related to management and management support services

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Administrative manager
  • Administrative officer
  • Business consultant
  • Corporate general manager High demand occupation
  • Director High demand occupation
  • Entrepreneur
  • General manager High demand occupation
  • Lecturer
  • Management consultant High demand occupation
  • Personal assistant
  • Project manager High demand occupation
  • Small business manager High demand occupation
  • Supervisor
  • Researcher

Possible work environments related to management and management support services

  • Manufacturing and consulting companies
  • Private and public enterprises
  • Research organisations
  • Self-employment

Back to topMarketing management

What is this all about?

Marketing management involves planning new product development, advertising, promotions and sales. In order to manage these tasks, market research is needed. Marketing practitioners are increasingly using online data and social networks to identify consumer needs and serve customers.

Possible job titles related to marketing management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Advertising manager High demand occupation
  • Auctioneer
  • Brand manager
  • Customer care practitioner
  • Market research analyst High demand occupation
  • Marketing and communications specialist
  • Marketing manager High demand occupation
  • Marketing practitioner
  • Online community manager
  • Public relations manager High demand occupation
  • Public relations practitioner
  • Sales executive
  • Sales manager High demand occupation
  • Sales representative (educational products and services) High demand occupation
  • Sales representative (industrial products) High demand occupation
  • Sales representative (medical and pharmaceutical products) High demand occupation

Possible work environments related to marketing management

  • Advertising agencies
  • Entrepreneurs or self-employed consultants
  • FMCG (fast-moving consumer goods) industry
  • Government departments
  • Manufacturers
  • Specialist communication agencies

Back to topPublic administration

What is this all about?

Public administration and management is the study of activities, such as the provision of health, protection, education and housing in the public sector. Although the subject is especially beneficial for those who want to follow a career in the public sector, it is important to note that the subject is also beneficial for those who want to follow a career in the private sector. The management skills, for example, can be applied with equal success in both the public and private sectors.

Possible job titles related to the public sector

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Activist / lobbyist
  • Budget and reporting manager
  • Compliance officer
  • Government relations manager
  • Lecturer
  • Local authority manager High demand occupation
  • Local government officer
  • Non-profit administrator
  • Policy advisor
  • Project development specialist
  • Project manager
  • Provincial officer
  • Public affairs researcher
  • Public outreach officer
  • Public sector consultant
  • Public administration officer
  • Senior government official High demand occupation
  • Teacher (Economic and Management Sciences)

Possible work environments related to public administration

  • Quasi-autonomous government institutions, such as research institutions, universities, development agencies and state parastatals (eg Transnet, CSIR, and Eskom)
  • International affairs (United Nations, Africa Union, Southern African Development Community)
  • Municipal (local government) affairs (eg municipal manager, water and electricity supply, roads, town planning, parks and recreation)
  • National affairs (eg education, health, commerce, law enforcement, defence, finance, transport, environmental affairs)
  • Provincial affairs (eg tourism, nature conservation, education, health)

Back to topRetail management

What is this all about?

The retail industry sells goods and services to client, while retail management aims to support this function by understanding how to effectively market these goods and services and how to plan efficient processes.

Possible title titles related to retail management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Area manager
  • Customer service manager
  • Merchandise analyst
  • Merchandise manager
  • Planner
  • Retail buyer High demand occupation
  • Retail manager High demand occupation
  • Sales manager
  • Store manager

Possible work environments related to retail management

  • Fast-moving consumer good (FMCG) industry
  • Retailers
  • Self-employed

Back to topSafety management

What is this all about?

Safety management refers to how organisations identify hazards and control risk in the organisation. Practitioners in this field are responsible for setting up safety management systems to manage safety risks.

Possible job titles related to safety management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Health and safety consultant
  • Health and safety manager High demand occupation
  • Health, safety and environmental quality (SHEQ) practitioner High demand occupation
  • Occupational safety inspector
  • Safety advisor

Possible work environments relates to safety management

  • Airlines
  • Construction industry
  • Government departments (eg Department of Labour, SABS)
  • Manufacturing industry
  • Mining industry
  • Motor industries
  • Self-employment as a consultant

Back to topTourism management

What is this all about?

The tourism industry supports people who travel for business, pleasure and other purposes. Many new niche tourism experiences, such as medical tourism, ecotourism, educational tourism and creative tourism have created new opportunities for individuals in this field.

Possible job titles related to tourism

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Destination manager
  • Exhibition organiser
  • Event planner
  • Functions manager
  • Tourism distribution practitioner
  • Tourist information officer High demand occupation
  • Tourism marketing practitioner
  • Tourism planning practitioner
  • Tourism policy development specialist
  • Tourism transportation coordinator
  • Travel and tourism practitioner
  • Travel consultant High demand occupation

Possible work environments related to tourism management

  • Events management organisations
  • Local, provincial and national tourism departments, NGOs and associations
  • Opportunities exist in different tourism sectors such as airlines, car rental, rail, cruise liners, hotels, restaurants and events companies
  • Tourism information centres

Back to topTransport economics, logistics and supply chain management

What is this all about?

Transport economics and logistics focuses on the allocation and planning of resources to transport goods and people from one point to another. The economics of transportation is therefore an applied science in which economic and business principles are applied to the transport industry. It deals mainly with balancing the demand for with the supply of transport in all the various modes of transportation. Logistics is closely related to transport economics and involves all activities to ensure that the right product is at the right place at the right time and in the right quantity.

Possible job titles related to transport economics, logistics and supply chain management

Visit the National Career Advice Portal for more information about scarce skills occupations (marked with High demand occupation).

  • Customer service manager
  • Demand and supply planner
  • Distribution manager High demand occupation
  • Fleet controller
  • Inbound logistics analyst
  • Logistics buyer
  • Logistics manager High demand occupation
  • Logistics specialist
  • Operations manager (non-manufacturing) High demand occupation
  • Procurement manager
  • Production control manager
  • Production manager
  • Project manager
  • Purchasing manager
  • Researcher
  • Retail buyer High demand occupation
  • Retail manager High demand occupation
  • Road transport manager
  • Supply manager High demand occupation
  • Supply chain practitioner High demand occupation
  • Transport analyst
  • Transport controller
  • Transport manager
  • Transport operations manager
  • Transport route planners
  • Transportation analyst
  • Warehouse manager

Possible work environments related to transport economics, logistics and supply chain management

  • Consulting firms
  • Department of Transport
  • Factories and manufactures
  • Government (local, provincial and national)
  • Large retailers and retail firms
  • Logistics and distribution companies
  • Self-employment
  • Transport companies

Further career information

  • Visit the Unisa Directorate: Counselling and Career Development website to further explore career information related to economic and management sciences.
  • Download the 8 ways to do career research brochure to get started with your career learning.

Academic departments at Unisa